Module B – Weeks 18 to 34

Click here for WEEK 18
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Click here for WEEK 22
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Click here for WEEK 24
Click here for WEEK 25
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Click here for WEEK 27
Click here for WEEK 28
Click here for WEEK 29
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Information about Core Knowledge (R) Teacher Read-Alouds (“Listening And Learning”) that should occur daily, in parallel with below AnyOneCanRead READING and PHONICS activities. Resources for:
Astronomy … continued:
Click this link for WEEKS  18 TO 19


The History Of The Earth:

Click this link for WEEKS  20 TO 21 



Animals And Habitats:
Click this link for WEEKS  22 TO 24 


Fairy Tales:
Click this link for WEEKS  25 TO 27 


A New Nation – American Independence:
Click this link for WEEKS  28 TO 31 


Frontier Explorers:
Click this link for WEEKS  32 TO 34



Lesson 50 – Stories Misc

NEW WORDS: Matt, ahoy, bartender, bomb, change, checked, glasses, goop, growled, inn, limbs, mac, maid, mateys, mug, needs, piece, pirate, pour, pretending, puddle, rim, seats, stamped, treasure, witch

Max The Mess
It was like a bomb. It was a loud “wham!” We all jumped out of our seats. What a noise! It was not fun! My mom, Meg, yelled. Her face turned red. She stamped her foot. She put her hands on her head.

“Max, why did you slam your mug on the table? That makes me so mad!  Must you be such a mess? Look!  Food is all over.  It’s on your place-mat. It got on the map that Matt needs to read. And I see crumbs all over the place. And there are chunks of ham, mint jam, and lamb. And mac-and-cheese. And your half-eaten yam! Gross! Now I just want to gag! Grr!” There was spit on Mom’s lips.

Mom checked out the room. “And look! It’s on every one’s clothes!  Pam, Tom, Kim? You have to go up and change. Right now. And Matt? There’s food on the rim of your glasses! Clean that up.”

“And oh, no!  Look at Tom-Cat. Poor cat! A piece of yam flew into his milk bowl.  So goop is now on each one of his four limbs. And, now the floor is a mix of mess. It looks like a mud puddle full of goop. I bet Tom-Cat could swim in it! Good grief! Now I’ve got to go get the mop. I have to walk up the stairs to get it. Then come back down. Then clean all of this up. Guys, I’m not your maid!”

“Max, you give me no rest! I’m so fed up with you. I’ve never met a boy who can make such a mess! Why do you do it? Do you just hate me? Do you think I’m a witch?”

Max spoke up. “Yum, mom. Great food! I was pretending to be a pirate at an old-time inn. Time to pour me one more glass of milk, bartender! Max then growled, “Ahoymateys! Time to go find the treasure!”

He walked out. He stepped in the goop. And he left foot-prints. Mom was fit to be tied! But that’s Max for you!



Good luck with the quiz!

Thank you for taking our quiz!

Max The Mess

These are the comprehension questions for the above passage.

Please type in your first name and the first letter of your last name, such as "John D"

1 / 9

1) Why was Max's Mom so mad at him?

2 / 9

2) What did Max's mom NOT do to express her anger?

3 / 9

3) What is the correct answer for the types of food that Max had sprayed everywhere?

4 / 9

4) Which child did NOT have to go upstairs to change their clothes?

5 / 9

5) What did Max's Mom have to go upstairs to get to clean up the mess?

6 / 9

6) What did Max's Mom say that the mess on the floor looked like?

7 / 9

7) What kind of a pet did they have that looked all messy?

8 / 9

8) Max was pretending that he was a certain type of character ... what was it?

9 / 9

9) Which description of Max below do you think describes him the best?

Your score is




Lesson 51 – Poems And Rhymes

NEW WORDS: Joan, London, Monday, Saturday, Thursday, Tuesday, Wednesday, anymore, beyond, bleak, bramble, burnt, castle, clearly, dragonly, east, elegant, everybody, foam, fortress, greedy, greenery, guns, hasn’t, mell, mister, mountain, nobody’s, peeping, pell, picnics, piggie, piggies, pockets, potato, ringed, scalloped, scampered, schoolroom, scratched, sipped, someone’s, straws, tempting, tinted, trough, turret, valleys, wagon, wars, wearing, winter’s, wondrous

Poor Shadow
Everything has a shadow,
A mountain, a bird or a ball.
Only a poor, poor shadow,
Hasn’t a shadow at all!

Poem by Ilo Orleans

The Winds
Mister East gave a feast.
Mister North laid the cloth.
Mister West did his best.
Mister South burnt his mouth,
Eating cold potato.


The Pigs
Piggie Wig and Piggie Wee,
Hungry pigs as pigs could be,
For their dinner had to wait,
Down beyond the barnyard gate.

Piggie Wig and Piggie Wee,
Climbed the barnyard gate to see,
Peeping through the gate so high,
But no dinner could they spy.

Piggie Wig and Piggie Wee,
Got down, sad as pigs could be,
But the gate soon opened wide,
And they scampered forth outside.

Piggie Wig and Piggie Wee,
What was their delight to see?
Dinner ready, not far off,
Such a full and tempting trough!

Piggie Wig and Piggie Wee,
Greedy pigs as pigs could be,
For their dinner ran pellmell,
In the trough both Piggies fell.

Poem by Emelie Poulsson

Play Days
How many days has my baby to play?
Saturday, Sunday, Monday,
Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday,
Saturday, Sunday, Monday.


We Built A Castle Near The Rocks
We built a castle,
Near the rocks.
We built it out of sand.

Our fortress was,
An ice-cream box,
With turret, tall and grand.

Our men were twigs,
Our guns were straws,
From which we’d sipped at lunch.

We had the very best of wars,
Till someone’s foot,

Poem by Joan Walsh Anglund

Kitty-Cat And Queen
“Kitty-cat, Kitty-cat,
Where have you been?”
“I’ve been to London,
To look at the Queen.”

“Kitty-cat, Kitty-cat,
What did you there?”
“I frightened a little mouse,
Under the chair.”


The Gold-Tinted Dragon
What’s the good of a wagon,
Without a dragon,
To pull you for mile after mile?

An elegant, lean one,
A gold-tinted green one,
Wearingdragonly smile.

You’ll sweep down the valleys,
You’ll sail up the hills,
Your dragon will shine in the sun.

As you rush by,
The people will cry,
“I wish that my wagon had one!”

Poem by Karla Kuskin

The Man In Our Town
There was a man in our town,
And he was wondrous wise.
He jumped into a bramble bush,
And scratched out both his eyes.

But when he saw his eyes were out,
With all his might and main,
He jumped into another bush,
And scratched ’em in again.


Picnic Day
Sing a song of picnics,
Bread and butter spread,
Greenery all around about,
And cherries overhead!

Poem by Rachel Field

The Clock
There’s a neat little clock,
In the schoolroom it stands,
And it points to the time,
With its two little hands.

And may we, like the clock,
Keep a face clean and bright,
With hands ever ready,
To do what is right.


The sea is ringed around with hills,
And scalloped with white foam.
I’ve filled my pockets full of shells,
And now I’m going home.

Poem by Jean Jaszi

Cold and raw, the north wind does blow,
Bleak in the morning early.
All the hills are covered with snow,
And winter’s now come, clearly.


Five Years Old
Please, everybody,
Look at me!
Today I’m FIVE years old,
You see!

And after this,
I won’t be four,
Not ever, ever,

I won’t be three,
Or two, or one,
For that was when,
I’d first begun.

Now I’ll be five a while, and then,
I’ll soon be something else, again!

Poem by Marie Louise Allen

Little Jumping Joan
Here I am,
Little jumping Joan,
When nobody’s with me,
I’m always alone.


Lesson 52 – Fry-Builder  

NEW WORDS: Europe, President, State, difficult, direct, direction, discovered, distance, divided, dollars, during, effect, energy, enjoy, entire, equal, especially, exactly, example, exercise, expect, explain, express, fact, factories, famous, farmers, figure, industry, million, opposite, prepared, printed, probably, produce, products, provide, received, record, region, remain, repeated, report, represent, result, return, rule, science, scientists, separate, settled, sentence, several, shown, sign, similar, single, soil, soldiers, sometimes, southern, stretched, students, subject, suddenly, suggested, supply, suppose, surface, symbols, temperature, thousands, thus, tools, total, toward, travel, triangle, tube, type, uncle, understand

She has a super power.

Head to practice.

Are you prepared?

What a great present!

It’s the President!

I printed it out.

You probably should.

Produce twenty of these.

They make bad products.

Take a seat.

Any more questions?

Do this quickly!

They ran a race.

They raised it up.

I’d rather not!

Bob reached for the ball.

Are you ready?

That’s a poor reason.

We received the letter.

Did you record the talk?


What region are you from?

Remain quiet!

I can’t remember.

She repeated it once.

That’s a good report.

Can you represent our school?

Was the result good?

Return this to Dad.

When will the sun rise?

The river is flooding.

Pull up that root.

Climb that rope.

That’s a dumb rule.

Go weigh on the scale.

Is that a science show?

Scientists are smart!

I’ll be a second.

Doesn’t that seem strange?

I want to sell that.

Send this letter.


That makes sense.

I’ll provide some for the party.

He’s in the computer industry.

She’s got a million bucks.

Hot is the opposite of cold.

I sent it.

Write this sentence.

Separate these.

She’s all settled.

I’ll take several.

I’m in good shape.

I shouted, “Watch out!”

Our house was shown today.

That’s a stop sign.

Please keep silent.

My job is difficult.

Please direct me there.

Go in that direction.

Who discovered fire?

It’s a long distance.


I divided these in half.

You should see a doctor.

It’s ten dollars.

He took a nap during the show.

I got up early.

We’re on the east end of town.

Put your plan into effect.

I’ll cook some eggs.

I don’t like either one.

It took lots of energy.

Start the engine!

England is in Europe.

She speaks English.

Did you enjoy that?

I’ve had enough.

He ate an entire cake!

Do two and two equal four?

I’m especially glad to see you.

This should even things out.

Good evening!


I like everyone except her!

Everything will be all right.

That’s exactly what I want.

Give me a better example.

I should get more exercise.

I expect you to be good!

Please explain that.

We took the express train.

Is that a fact?!

Those factories will close.

I love my family.

Batman is famous!

Lots of farmers came to the fair.

I fear you’re right!

That’s a fig tree.

Figure this out.

I finally finished.

She snapped her fingers.

I hurt my foot.

May the Force be with you!


The forest is dark.

Form a straight line.

You can move forward now.

My car is similar.

That’s real simple.

She’s a single mom.

Dad’s at his work site.

Do that slowly.

This soil is dry.

They are Army soldiers.

Solve this problem.

Someone called you.

Something is wrong.

Sometimes I get mad.

He’s from down south.

He’s a southern boy.

That’s a special gift.

Spread out, now.

I live in another State.

What a story!


The stream is cool.

My cat stretched.

My students are smart!

What’s the subject of your talk?

Dad stopped suddenly.

Sugar is sweet.

Mom suggested we go outside.

Summer is hot.

Can you supply us with that many?

I suppose I can.

They landed on the surface.

That’s a surprise!

What do these symbols mean?

We use a different system.

She’s the best teacher!

Let’s team up!

What’s the temperature?

I’ll pass the test!

They keep to themselves.

She’s our third child.


I love this, though you might not.

I saw thousands of them.

Thus, the game was over.

Your cat’s tiny.

I have tools to fix this.

Total it up.

Turn toward the right.

She runs track.

Will you trade that?

I love to travel.

Which shape is a triangle?

Don’t get into trouble!

Open that tube.

What type do you like?

Hello, Uncle Ed!

Do you understand?




From The Mule    

I have a mule that is quite all right.

From Jay Frog

He peered into the pond. WHOA! A trout! A huge trout!

From Space Hawk 

You get used to it. Fast. And it’s fun. It’s all good!


Simple to use. They won’t break. They work each time. A child can do it!

From Scott 

The chimp hangs from a branch. Then he jumps up on a big red cube and grins at Scott.


Dave checks his lunch bag. “No!” he fumes. “It’s ham. I ate ham all week!”

From The Two Mules

Once, a man went on a trip with two mules.

From Gran

Fuzz was a cute cat who did his best to be safe at all times.


Activity 24) Long-vowel  –> single consonant –> silent-E, 3- & 4-letter words, Long-U repeated exposure:


I want to learn how to play the uke.


The Ute Native American people generally live in Utah and West Colorado.


I’ll take just one sugar cube to put in my tea.


I’ll slice up this crispy cuke and put it in the salad.


Mindy, those are really cute new tennis shoes that you have.


That athlete will probably sulk off and fume about his defeat.


We’ve got to disable the fuze on that bomb.


David Hume was a Scottish philosopher and historian in the 1700s.


I think that we have the most stubborn mule in the county!


Could everyone please mute their computer when we start the Zoom call?


That smells so bad that I bet I’d puke if I had to eat it.


If I hear that kitten pule one more time, I’m going to have to put him upstairs for a while.


That guitar player also owns two ukes.



Someone left their coat on this chair.


Sometimes I dream that I can fly.


When we get to the top of that hill, we then need to head south.


Move the chairs to the walls so that we have more space.


Class, we have a special guest from the zoo.


Who can spell the word, “tough?”


My Dad loves to play sports.


Our cat chased a squirrel for a while.


Make sure that you stand up good and straight.


That is quite a bright star up in the sky.


What state were you born in?


Go slow, step-by-step.


I’ll throw this stick and our dog will fetch it.


I stood still while the nurse gave me my shot.


Who would have thought that the store would be out of milk?






Lesson 53 – Poems And Rhymes

NEW WORDS: Cinderella, Lucy, Molly, agree, aloud, argument, bachelor, battle, bedtime, bridge, cement, cole, deedle, disappear, doo, doodle, dum, fiddler, fiddlers, fires, fisher, forced, forgot, gallop, grandad’s, grassy, groans, heavens, heroes, highway, kittie, lace, lanes, locket, master’s, merriest, monstrous, month, narrow, poly, powder, rare, rattle, rattles, resolved, rolling, roly, runaway, sawdust, shrieks, silver’s, skeleton, sorrow, soul, splashing, spoiled, streets, tray, twee, tweedle, witch’s, wonderful, woodworm 

The Old Woman Under A Hill
There was an old woman,
Lived under a hill,
And if she’s not gone,
She lives there still.


Roly Poly Bowling!
Roll it, bowl it, roll it,
Set the ball a-rolling.
Round and round and round and round,
Roly poly bowling.


Cinderella Ice Cream
Cinderella dressed in green,
Went upstairs to eat ice cream.
Cinderella dressed in lace, and
Went upstairs, to powder her face.


When I was a bachelor,
I lived by myself.
And all the bread and cheese I got,
I laid up on the shelf.

The rats and mice,
They made such a strife,
I was forced to go to London,
To find me a wife.

The streets were so bad,
And the lanes were so narrow,
I was forced to bring my wife home,
In a wheelbarrow.

The wheelbarrow broke,
And my wife had a fall.
Down came wheelbarrow,
Little wife and all.


The Month Of May
There are twelve months in all the year,
As I hear many say.
But the merriest month in all the year,
Is the merry month of May!


Windy Nights
Whenever the moon and stars are set,
Whenever the wind is high,
All night long in the dark and wet,
A man goes riding by.
Late in the night, when the fires are out,
Why does he gallop, and gallop about?
Whenever the trees are crying aloud,
And ships are tossed at sea,
By, on the highway, low and loud,
By at the gallop goes he.
By at the gallop he goes, and then,
By he comes back at the gallop again.

Poem by Robert Louis Stevenson

The Bridge
Where goes the bridge?
Up in the air,
All across the water,
To way over there!

Poem by Olive Beaupre Miller

My dame has lost her shoe.
My master’s lost his fiddle-stick,
And knows not what to do.

What is my dame to do?
Till master finds his fiddle-stick,
She’ll dance without her shoe.


I think today,
I’ll run away.
My heart is filled with sorrow.

I’ll disappear,
For one whole year,
Or else, come back tomorrow.

Poem by William Wise

Lucy Locket
Lucy Locket lost her pocket,
Kittie Fisher found it.
There was not a penny in it,
But a ribbon round it!


Old King Cole
Old King Cole
Was a merry old soul,
And a merry old soul was he.

He called for his pipe,
And he called for his bowl,
And he called for his fiddlers three!

And every fiddler,
He had a fine fiddle,
And a very fine fiddle had he.

Twee deedle dee,
tweedle dee,”
Went the fiddlers.

Oh, there’s none so rare,
As can compare,
With King Cole and his fiddlers three.


Twinkle Little Bat
Twinkle, twinkle, little bat!
How I wonder what you’re at!
Up above the world you fly,
Like a tea-tray in the sky.
Twinkle, twinkle!

Poem by Lewis Carroll

A Well
As round as an apple,
As deep as a cup,
And all the king’s horses,
Can’t fill it up.


Tell Me Little Woodworm
Tell me little woodworm,
Eating through the wood,
Surely all that sawdust,
Can’t do you any good.

Heavens! Little woodworm,
You’ve eaten all the chairs.
So, THAT’S why poor old Grandad’s
Sitting outside on the stairs.

Poem by Spike Milligan

Flying Children
If I could walk for two weeks and a day,
And go where the hills meet the sky,
I think I’d find children who play in the clouds,
And who can really fly!


Coffee And Tea
Molly, my sister,
And I fell out.
And what do you think,
It was all about?

She loved coffee,
And I loved tea,
And that was the reason,
We couldn’t agree.


Knitting still, knitting still,
Always knitting with a will.
Red, green, blue. Red, green, blue.
I’ll knit a little coat for you!


Bedtime Story
“Tell me a story,”
Says Witch’s child,
“About the Beast,
So fierce and wild.

About a Ghost,
That shrieks and groans,
A Skeleton,
That rattles bones.

About a Monster,
Something nice,
To make me sleepy.”

Poem by Lilian Moore

Tweedle-Dum And Tweedle-Dee
Tweedle-Dum and Tweedle-Dee,
Resolved to have a battle,
For Tweedle-Dum said Tweedle-Dee,
Had spoiled his nice new rattle.

Just then flew by a monstrous crow,
As big as a truck of cement,
Which frightened both the heroes so,
They quite forgot their argument.


Squirrel In The Rain
The young squirrel’s mother said, “Come out!
See? It’s raining all about!
Wet silver’s falling from a cloud!
It’s raining hard, it’s raining loud!”

The little squirrel ran down the tree.
“It’s splashing rain all over ME!
It’s raining here, it’s raining there!
It’s raining in the trees’ green hair.

It’s raining in the flowers’ faces.
It’s raining in the grassy places.
It’s raining on my tail and nose,
And on my middle, I suppose!

How wonderful of clouds to fly,
And give young squirrels a drink of sky!”

Poem by Frances Frost

Lesson 54 – 4-Letter Vocab-Builder 

NEW WORDS: Alan, Alec, Barb, Bill’s, Coca, Dean, Dirk, Dyke, Eddy, Fido, Hulk, Jake, Jess, Joss, Kane, Kris, Lang, Shaq’s, aahs, afar, angel, apes, ayes, barf, bed’s, beets, bins, blab, blister, bonk, bore, bunk, cafe, camera, car’s, cent, clip, cola, cram, cuke, dada, deli, doe, doom, duty, eggy, etch, exit, fame, fart, fawn, fend, flex, flub, ford, fortune, fuel, gag, gaga, gaps, germ, glee, gnaw, guff, gunk, halo, heel, hero, hobo, homeless, host, icky, iffy, info, initials, jury, keys, kiwi, lamp, lava, lens, oohs, product, salad, screeched, superhero, yourselves 

The crowd yelled “oohs” and “aahs.”

Alan, move it!

The apes screeched.

The “ayes” have it!

That food would make me barf.

Don’t blab that to Mom!

She’s a bore.

That cafe has the best coffee.

I don’t own one cent.

Is that a CocaCola?

I need some cuke in my salad.

Baby, say “dada” and “mama.”

I had soup at the deli.

Dirk” sounds like a tough name.

Hi, Mr. Van Dyke.

Eddy called.

Etch your initials on this tree.

I want fame and fortune.

See that doe and her fawn?

Fido, catch this stick!


Don’t flub this up!

That’s a Lady Gaga song.

He’s got gaps between his teeth.

She yelled with glee!

Don’t give me any of your guff!

There’s a blister on my heel.

Is that hobo homeless?

The Hulk is a superhero.

It’s iffy that I can make your party.

Jake, come here.

Stop running, Jess.

Joss moved away.

Dad’s got jury duty.

Kane is a running back.

Where are the keys?

That’s kiwi fruit.

Is that Kris?

Mrs. Lang lives there.

That’s a lava lamp.

Where’s my camera lens?


You’ll see the forest fire from afar.

Alec sat down.

Barb bakes great bread.

Clean the trash bins.

Don’t bonk me on the head!

The top bunk bed’s mine.

Where’s my hair clip?

Cram more into the trunk.

Dean is mean.

This test will doom me.

This French toast is too eggy.

Exit through that door.

Did you just fart?

Fend for yourselves for supper.

Watch him flex his muscles!

Dad loves his Ford truck.

The car’s low on fuel.

Serve her beets, and she’ll gag.

A germ is too small to see.

That dog will gnaw on your shoes.


What’s that gunk in your eye?

Would an angel have a halo?

Shaq’s my hero!

Bill’s dad is a nice host.

Don’t touch that icky stuff!

I need info about that product.


Lesson 55 – 4-Letter Vocab-Builder 

NEW WORDS: Anna, Coke, Dick, France, Glen, Jean, Jeep, Joey, Kaki, Kern, Kirk, Lars, Leet, Mickey, Swedish, aces, acre, arch, axle, bail, bawl, beaver, bide, boar, boy’s, bran, buds, burp, caws, chug, clash, coach, coax, colt, crib, cubs, cuss, dams, defy, dial, disc, downstream, duet, earn, egos, epic, feat, feeder, feud, firm, fizz, flakes, folk, foul, frisky, funk, hazy, hint, hoop, hula, hunk, irks, jacket, jail, jays, jest, jock, kink, knob, kook, lads, lash, laws, lays, laze, leek, lent, lewd, mare, mattress, obey, orders, patiently, soda, tightrope, wheel

Bad guys get put in jail.

Gran drives a Jeep.

That jock wears a letter jacket.

That will put a kink in our plans.

That kook almost ran me over!

Who are those handsome lads?

I bet dad lays down for a nap.

Coach Leet is tough.

You’re too young to see that lewd movie.

Aces are wild!

Gran runs a ten acre farm.

Anna was sick.

My foot has a small arch.

The wheel came off its axle.

Bail that water out of the boat.

That child will bawl all night.

Bide your time patiently.

Steer clear of wild boar in the woods.

How about bran flakes for breakfast?

Ice killed the flower buds.

Those “caws” are from crows.


Chug that soda, and you’ll burp.

Could I coax you to help me?

Look, a mare and her frisky colt.

The baby’s in her crib.

Bear cubs look so cute.

Don’t cuss at me!

You’ll see beaver dams downstream.

You can’t defy orders!

Dial this phone number.

Dick left early.

Do you play disc golf?

They sang a soft duet.

Did you earn much last summer?

They had a clash of egos.

Do you play Epic Mickey?

That was some feat walking that tightrope!

I watch Family Feud.

That’s too firm a mattress.

This Coke has no fizz!

I love folk songs.

Foul ball!!!


Mom’s in a funk.

What’s Glen up to?

It’s hazy outside.

Give me a hint!

I got a hula hoop!

I’d like a hunk of cheese.

That really irks me!

I see jays at the bird feeder.

How’s Jean doing?

Surely you jest!

Joey is my cousin.

Aunt Kaki went to France.

The new boy’s named Kirk Kern.

Turn the door knob.

Don’t lash out at me!

Obey the laws!

Lars is Swedish.

Buy a leek at the grocery.

I forgot that I lent you that.

Let’s laze about for an hour.





From Kit’s Pants 

Kit had red pants. Kit’s pants got lost at camp.

From Zack And Ann

When it’s hot, it’s fun to fish. Zack sits on a rock and casts.


Ann has a lot of tasks. “Cut the grass !” says Dad. “Scrub the pots !” says Mom.

From Squirrel Nutkin 

They got lots of twigs. They made rafts with them. They paddled in the lake.



Activity 25) CVCCC WORDS: “Short-A” repeated exposure:


Do any of these banks give you a free checking account?


That crocodile looks so evil while it basks in the sunlight.


My uncle camps out every summer for two weeks in the wilderness.


Oh, great knight, canst thou slay this dragon?”


Liquors like whiskey can be aged in casks.


For an action movie, this is one of the best casts that has ever been put together.


Losing too many games in a row damps out my enthusiasm for the game.


You’d better get your facts straight!


Dad fasts one day each month and says that it’s good for his health.


Mom gasps every time a car honks at her.


Hadst thou forgotten your oath of loyalty to thy king?

Hank’s glasses fell off of his desk, and the right lens cracked.


Which of these three lamps is the least expensive?


The flavor in this chewing gum lasts for a long time.


Which of these Halloween masks is the scariest?


The masts on all five ships cracked because of the powerful hurricane winds.


I found a dollar bill in my pants pocket.


The pasts of so many immigrant families were fraught with challenges.


There are enough rafts on the cruise ship for every passenger, in case of emergency.


Ramps have been installed at our building to help those who are in wheelchairs.


My cousin rose through the Army ranks to become a general.


That wacko politician rants and raves about crazy things!


That lifetime cigarette smoker rasps when he breathes.


Which of these talcs is the best for babies, to reduce their diaper rash?


Watch how your uncle tamps down the tobacco in his pipe.


At the end of World War two, the Germans ran out of gas for their tanks.


When you finish these three tasks, you can take a break.


I love it when the saxophone player vamps to a jazz tune.


I hate it when my brother yanks things out of my hands.


The Yanks defeated the British in the American Revolution.


All the stores have big sales right now.


Dad, tell us that story once more!


The new student moved here from New York.


Students, let’s line up for the fire drill.


I think that you need to study more for the big test.


The surface of this desk has lots of stains.


Kim, will you please set the table?


This is taking more time to do than I thought it would.


Mom’s talking on the phone with Mrs. Smith.


I can teach you how to do that.


Dad, I made the golf team at school.


Whew, that test was way too hard!


Thank you for your help!


Those kids got themselves in a big mess.


Though you are twelve now, you are still too young to see that film.








Lesson 56 – Inf./Deriv. Builder  

NEW WORDS: Bibb, Bigfoot, Bobbie’s, Boyd, Em, Fran’s, Jan’s, Jen’s, Ken’s, Kent’s, Liz’s, Moe’s, Quinn’s, Rosie’s, Santa’s, Scot’s, Smith’s, SpongeBob, Stan’s, Wes’s, Zoe’s, alarmed, aunts, aunty, backer, baldy, ballpark, bammed, barked, barnyards, barred, barring, beanpole, beanpoles, bearded, beastie, bedspread, beefy, beepers, beeping, beestings, bellboy, bellboys, bellhop, benched, benches, benching, bid, bighead, bighorn, bigshots, birdbath, birdbaths, birdsong, birdsongs, blackboards, blacked, blacking, blackjack, blacklist, blackmail, blackmails, blacksmiths, blacksnake, blastoffs, blesses, blessing, blinder, blocker, bloomer, blowoff, blowup, bluebell, boarders, boaters, bobs, boiler, boilers, booboo, bookshelves, bookworm, bookworms, boomslang, booted, borer, borers, bossed, bossmen, bossy, bouncer, bouts, bowwow, boyhood, boyish, brat’s, braves, breezy, brightness, card, clambake, corkboard, cowbell, curveball, doorbells, dumbbell, dumbbells, eyeball, fastballs, fixed, flu, fossils, freebee, funky, guidebook, hardball, having, jaybird, kickball, lovebirds, lowball, mothballs, mussel, neaten, noisy, notebooks, oddball, oddballs, pinball, redbrick, rocket, seabeds, sourball, spitballs, stink, sunburned, surfboard, team, team’s, tidbit, tomboy, tugboats

The birdbaths froze.

I got booted out!

Let’s go to their clambake.

They’re as thin as beanpoles.

A boomslang will kill you!

Turn down the brightness.

Blacksmiths are strong.

The boaters got sunburned.

Pick up those spitballs!

Lift those dumbbells.

He’s on my blacklist!

The dog barked, “BOWWOW!”

Gran blesses our meals.

That brat’s a blowoff.

Jen’s tall.

I got three beestings.

Rocket blastoffs are loud.

That’s an oddball thought.

Let’s play kickball.

I love sourball sweets.


Our doorbells don’t work.

Say the blessing.

Blackjack is a card game.

That flower’s a bluebell.

That’s Wes’s car.

Bigfoot isn’t real!

Make a lowball bid.

He bammed on the door.

Jan’s a tomboy.

Mothballs stink!

See my new surfboard?

Bellboys get tips.

She’s benching 80 pounds.

Those guys are bigshots.

Zoe’s a bookworm.

They’re at the ballpark.

The beepers went off!

Stan’s strong!

The float bobs up and down.

She blacked out.


Dad’s 1st job was a bellboy.

That noise alarmed me!

Have the boarders paid?

Ken’s home.

They call him “Baldy.”

Our team’s the Braves.

Don’t you agree?

I love SpongeBob.

See that redbrick house?

He’s bossy!

It’s breezy out.

That bouncer is HUGE!

Kent’s at Scot’s house.

They’re lovebirds.

Boyd threw a curveball.

I’m a strong backer of hers.

We’ll play, barring rain.

Liz’s gone.

Those two had a blowup.

I can’t hit fastballs.


Clean the blackboards.

Santa’s here!

Quinn’s left town.

My eyeball hurts.

Knock down that blocker.

My booboo hurts!

I need new notebooks.

Pops was a bellhop.

Our boiler is noisy.

Will he blackmail me?

He’s a late bloomer.

Those kids are bookworms.

Neaten your bedspread.

This was a freebee.

They’re all oddballs.

My drums have a cowbell.

He’s a beefy kid!

Aren’t those tugboats?

Borers can hurt trees.

Fran’s up there.


Bobby went home.

What pretty birdsong!

That dumbbell is heavy!

She’s as thin as a beanpole.

Pin this to the corkboard.

His boyhood was happy.

Hand me that guidebook.

Let’s play pinball.

Dust the bookshelves.

Paint the benches red.

Buy some Bibb lettuce.

I bet she blackmails him.

Birdsongs are pretty.

That’s the Smith’s dog.

He’s barred from the team.

The borer at work got fixed.

I’m having bouts of flu.

Moe’s sleeping.

Rosie’s next door!

See the bighorn sheep?

He’s fixed 100 boilers!


My cat’s a little beastie!

Bobbie’s in there.

I keep blacking out.

She bossed me all day!

Hi, Aunty Em!

He still has a boyish look.

That’s a loud jaybird.

She’s one of my aunts.

I caught a blacksnake!

He’s playing hardball!

What’s beeping?

I’d like a tidbit more.

Fossils are in seabeds.

Barnyards can smell funky.

That bighead thinks he’s smart!

That horse needs a blinder.

What’s a beardedmussel?

Fill the birdbath.

Do what the bossmen say!

He’s benched for two games.


Lesson 57 – Inf./Deriv. Builder 

NEW WORDS: Bobbie, Bobby’s, Frisbees, James’s, Jerry’s, Jones’s, June’s, Lisa’s, Madge’s, Maine, Nell’s, Nick’s, Poe’s, Tay’s, Vic’s, agrees, all’s, ash, aunt’s, aunties, axed, babied, backing, balder, ballgame, ballgames, ballpoint, ballpoints, barbell, batboy, batboys, bathtubs, beached, bedbug, bedbugs, bedding, bedsheet, bedsheets, bedspreads, beefed, beefless, beefsteak, beeped, beeper, beers, behinds, bellhops, bellied, bellies, bellman, bellmen, bigmouth, bigmouths, bigot, bigots, birdbrain, birdbrained, birdcage, birdcall, birdseed, blackish, blacksmith, blacksnakes, blastoff, blessed, blessings, blinded, blinding, blinds, blinked, blinker, blocked, blocking, bloomers, blowdown, blowholes, blowoffs, blowups, bluebells, bluish, boated, bobsled, boils, booboos, bookcase, booked, bookshelf, booties, booting, bores, bossing, bossman, bouncers, bowled, bowwows, bratwurst, breadbox, bringers, busboy, busboys, chalkboard, clambakes, cornball, crook, dodgeball, doorbell, fastball, footballs, freebees, fry, goofball, goofballs, guidebooks, hairballs, hall, handball, handbells, hire, hires, hotel, hue, ignore, jailbird, jailbirds, jaybirds, laptop’s, meatball, meatballs, messed, pens, problems, rebloom, screwballs, sickbeds, snow’s, snowballed, snowballs, spitball, tidbits, tint, tomboys, trombones, whale, whales, yardbirds, yummy

She throws a mean fastball.

A blowdown blocked the road.

Those are jaybirds.

That’s a ballpoint pen.

Buy some birdseed.

Hire more busboys!

I see a beached whale.

Wash my bedsheet.

Let’s play handball.

Bedbugs creep me out.

Nick’s out back.

Their problems snowballed.

This hotel still hires bellmen.

Nell’s sick.

That crook is a jailbird.

That’s my birdbrain brother.

Our house has two bathtubs.

Eat one more meatball.

The bedsheets are clean.

Are these pens ballpoints?


Those are cute baby booties.

Ready, set, BLASTOFF!

Clean those hairballs.

Blacksnakes aren’t bad.

That’s Bobby’s bike.

Count your blessings.

It’s on that bookcase.

Pan fry the beefsteak.

Ignore those bigmouths.

That’s a blackbird.

Sweep under the sickbeds.

Pick some bluebells.

He bellied up to the bar.

Bigots aren’t kind.

Bellhops wear funny hats.

Shine the handbells.

We have too many blowups.

Will this plant rebloom?

I need guidebooks on Maine.

Dad got axed at work.


Lift that barbell.

My laptop’s booting up.

We’re quite blessed.

Their kids were late bloomers.

Whales have blowholes.

Each town had a blacksmith.

I like Madge’s dress.

Clean the chalkboard.

Grill the bratwurst.

I’m backing up.

You’re blocking me.

Yummy meatballs!

The stove beeped.

Do that birdcall!

Vic’s at school.

Stop bossing me!

Ring the doorbell.

The snow’s blinding!

Jerry’s upstairs.

That bellman is nice.


That boils me up!

They’re both goofballs.

Have you booked the trip?

I have two booboos.

Our bellies are full.

I don’t like those blowoffs.

Batboys word hard.

This is a beefless meal.

What a cornball joke!

The light blinded me.

Make some snowballs.

He’s balder than me.

Tay’s thin.

Tom’s a busboy.

Work the yardbirds hard!

Clean the birdcage.

Poe’s not here.

That dog bowwows all night.

They’re bringers of bad news.

Let’s play dodgeball.


A bedbug bit me.

I watched three ballgames.

Those girls are tomboys.

I’ll do it, bossman.

That bobsled is fast!

We bowled for two hours.

My aunt’s a bigot.

All’s well here.

Don’t throw that spitball!

They let those jailbirds out.

Let’s eat some freebees.

Are those kids the Jones’s?

Bouncers are tough.

Turn on your blinker.

They boated all day.

She agrees with me.

I love my aunties.

Store this in the breadbox.

They babied their son.

Your beeper went off.

Get to the ballgame.


June’s in the den.

Where’s Bobbie?

You’re so birdbrained!

Lisa’s in the hall.

Close the blinds.

Iron these bedspreads.

I have two footballs.

That’s a beech tree.

You blinked first!

It’s a bluish hue.

That’s James’s coat.

Can I be a batboy?

That bores me.

Sit on your behinds!

Don’t be a goofball.

Wash the bedding.

Put this on the bookshelf.

Those screwballs messed up.

I hate that bigmouth!

These are tidbits of ash.

Let’s throw Frisbees.


It has a blackish tint.

He beefed about the food.

They sell trombones.

Clambakes are fun.

Buy two root beers.


Lesson 58 – Inf./Deriv. Builder

NEW WORDS: ablest, ably, acting, axes, banged, baseballs, beaches, beards, bets, blasted, blinking, boards, booing, boos, brats, bubbled, busted, cabs, cages, calmest, camped, carves, cases, causes, chances, chapped, chases, cheering, chewy, chuckled, chuckling, chunky, circuses, clawed, cleans, clothed, clowning, coating, coldest, cookbook, cookbooks, cookers, corned, corns, corny, cowardly, creamer, crews, crunches, crushed, crushes, cuddles, cuddling, cupping, deals, deeply, dented, dives, dozes, drawer, dreaming, dressings, drizzling, droppers, drown, ducking, dumber, dumping, lawyer, light’s, suit

Candy corns are chewy.

He’s clothed in a suit.

I love you deeply.

We crushed their team.

Open the drawer.

Dad agrees with me.

The storms closed the beaches.

Nail up these boards.

Her kids are brats.

He yells when he dives in.

I dashed home from school.

Mom has 10 cookbooks.

It’s drizzling out there.

These nuts are chunky.

That lawyer works tough cases.

There’s that blasted cat!

She’s cupping the chick in her hand.

I want a cookie cookbook.

You’ve got two chances.

I’ll take black coffee, no creamer.


We camped out last night.

Are those rice cookers?

It’s the coldest day yet.

I banged my knee on the door.

Bill’s at the door.

No one’s in those cabs.

She’s the ablest in our class.

The light’s blinking.

I love when Mom cuddles with me.

You caused me to spill it!

Dad bets the Jets will win.

She chuckled at my joke.

The cat clawed me!

We’re cheering you on!

The candy has a sour coating.

I’m dreaming weird things.

My friends grew long beards.

My lips are chapped.

He carves wood animals.

She cracked the eggs.


Cut the trees with these axes.

The car’s dented.

Their cages are small.

Dad loves corned beef.

Don’t drown!

I’ve never done anything dumber.

Her cat chases dogs.

There’s no dumping in these woods.

I like how she cleans up her mess.

They are booing the ref!

You did that ably!

Where are the eye droppers?

Here are 3 salad dressings.

It’s the calmest day in weeks.

I’m ducking out to go home.

Gather up the baseballs.

The stew bubbled away.

That’s a corny joke!

The boos were loud.

Get me two Orange Crushes.


That causes me to get mad.

You’re acting cowardly.

Stop clowning around!

This crunches when you chew it.

The ships’ crews were ready.

There are hot deals at this store.

I couldn’t help chuckling at her.

Why are you creeping around?

I busted a vase.

Our dog dozes after his lunch.

Mom, I need some cuddling!

I’ve been to 3 circuses!





From Clouds

When the wind stops, you all stand still.

From Miss Madge

She hits her head. “Ow! Ouch! Darn! Yikes! Blast it! Curses!”

From Zack And Ann

The crab runs up. Then it snaps at Zack’s leg.

From Ears Hear

Floors creak. Horns toot. Bells clang.

From Lesson B-56

That brat’s a blowoff.


Activity 26) CCVCC WORDS: “Short-A” repeated exposure:


This restaurant’s food is just too bland for my tastes.


She drew a complete blank when the teacher asked for the answer to the question.


The rocket will blast off in about five minutes.


Is this brand of shoes really any better than most of the others?


Please, mom, don’t have Mrs. Smith and her two brats over for lunch.


We fear that the new dictator will clamp down on free speech.


We finally heard the last clang from the steeple’s church bell.


We heard the sound of a loud clank in the car’s engine.


His speech was so bad that there weren’t many claps from the audience.


Mom has taken up the craft of making costume jewelry.


I can’t go back in the water yet because I have a cramp in my stomach.


We need to crank out the products on the assembly line at a faster pace.


I feel a cold draft when sitting next to that window.


He drank his soda pop fast, and then he let out a huge burp.


The general thinks that there is a weakness in the right flank of the enemy troops.


Mom, how are you supposed to fold the flaps on this package?


Well, to be frank, I really didn’t like that recipe much.


I saw Frank at the movies today.


It’s chilly out, and I’m taking a flask of hot coffee with me to the kids’ soccer game.


Mom said she’d much rather wear flats than high heels.


How does a U.S. dollar compare with a French franc?


Some guys in my dorm are going to check out a few frats this weekend.


An “endocrine gland” secretes substances into your bloodstream.


The Congressman was sentenced to three years in prison due to dealings of graft.


We visited the Grand Hotel on our vacation to Michigan.


If a genie could grant you one big wish, what would it be?


Grant told me his mom got a new job, and they have to move away.


There must be a thousand bees in that hive.


Who can read me the title of this book?


Together, as a team, we can get this done fast.


Son, bring those tools to me, please.


Look toward the east, and you’ll see the moon.


I love my new toy train set!


Guess what, we can take off the training wheels on my bike!


I hope that I can travel to France one day.


Is it true that you got a new job?


I’m trying as hard as I can to get this to work.


I can understand why you feel that way.


The soup calls for cream, but I’ll be using whole milk.


Dad put on his usual tie for church.


We have a great view of the sea from our room.


Aunt Tay will visit us this spring.








Lesson 59 – Fry-Builder

NEW WORDS: Japanese, Washington, adjective, amount, angle, cents, century, company, compare, compound, conditions, consonant, copy, cotton, decimal, dictionary, division, drawing, elements, entered, equation, experience, factors, fraction, increase, indicate, level, machine, mall, material, melody, method, molecules, necessary, noun, numeral, paragraph, phrase, plural, process, property, radio, rhythm, score, section, solution, solve, statement, substances, suffix, syllables, teacher, terms, tone, underline, unit, usually, valley, value, various, verb, village, vowel, western, wire, within, women, workers, written

Turn to page 255, in Unit Four.

It’s 15 minutes until five.

I don’t usually do that.

Let’s go down to the valley.

My cat eats various things.

There’s a small village.

Can we visit them?

He has a deep voice.

The war is over!

Washington, D.C. is the U.S. Capital.

What should I wear?

I hate bad weather.

Call me once a week.

Her weight has gone down.

I love the wild, wild west!

A western wind is blowing.

It’s up to you whether you do that.

I play to win!

They had a cold winter.

What goes on within his head?


I can’t do without that!

That woman is my mom.

Those women are nice.

We won!

They’re hard workers!

I wouldn’t do that!

Have you written your letter?

I wrote a note to Bob.

You’d better watch yourself!

“Pretty” is an adjective.

I’ll take a small amount.

Draw me a right angle.

I have 50 cents.

It’s the twenty-first century now.

She works for a food company.

Compare these two.

Write a compound sentence.

The road conditions are bad.

Letter A is not a consonant.

I like cotton shirts.


Move your decimal to the left.

That word isn’t in the dictionary.

I’m not good at division.

Your drawing is pretty.

What are the “four elements?”

She entered the room.

Solve this equation.

She’s got lots of experience.

What factors did you think about?

“One-half” is a fraction.

Buy lots of fruit.

Increase the heat.

Does that indicate a problem?

Jin is Japanese.

I got to the second level!

Turn off the machine.

My friends like the mall.

That’s a hard material.

Sing a melody.

What method did you use?


You can’t see molecules with your eyes.

Is that necessary?

“Cow” is a noun.

“Ten” is a numeral.

That’s a long paragraph!

That’s a strange phrase.

More than one is called “plural.”

That process takes a while.

This is my property.

Turn on the radio.

He has good rhythm.

What’s the score?

Move to that section.

Have you found a solution?

Let me make my statement.

What substances are in this rock?

A suffix is at the end of a word.

What’s the sum of five and six?

That word has six syllables!

Do they give their terms in this letter?


Your tone is not nice.

Underline this phrase.

I’m going to the value food store.

“Run” is a verb.

The letter E is a vowel.

Cut that wire.

Are we agreed on that?

Mom is beautiful!

Dogs love bones.

Here’s a good book.

Take a break!

She makes a good case for doing that.

Class, I’m your new teacher.

Copy that for me.

Sit in the corner.

Let’s make a deal.

Drive home.

They got in a fight.

Does the shirt fit?

Buy some fresh food.


We grew corn last year.

He held it in his hand.

She’s a hundred years old!

Put ice in my glass.

I lost my key.

How long have you known that?

Add this to the list.

I like my meat well done.

I need to sleep.

What part of the show did you like?

He’s a rich man.

The ball rolled away.

I’d like the same.

What size shoe do you want?

Don’t make a sound!

Speak to me!

It’s made out of steel.

This wood is thick.

What a pretty view!

How many words can you read?


Lesson 60 – Poems And Rhymes  

NEW WORDS: Bessie, Davy, Rupert, Teddy, barrel, bless, boil, bonnet, bonny, broad, crackity, curly, daintiest, dishes, eager, feathery, furly, glistens, hearty, hippity, lingered, mischievous, necktie, peaceable, pouring, quietly, receive, reply, ribbon, rubbing, smelling, snappity, snooks, snuggled, so’s, spoiling, strife, taking, thread, tomorrow, treetop, turtles, twirly, venture, waited, whirly, whisky, woodwork, world’s

Mary Had A Little Lamb
Mary had a little lamb,
Its fleece was white as snow.
And everywhere that Mary went,
The lamb was sure to go.

It followed her to school one day,
That was against the rule.
It made the children laugh and play,
To see a lamb at school.

And so the teacher turned it out,
But still it lingered near,
And waited patiently about,
Till Mary did appear.

“Why does the lamb love Mary so?”
The eager children cry.
“Why, Mary loves the lamb, you know,”
The teacher did reply.

Poem by Sarah Josepha Hale

Row, row! A-fishing we’ll go!
How many fishes, have you, Joe?
One for my father, one for my mother,
One for my sister, one for my brother,
And one for the little fisher boy!


It’s Raining!
It’s raining! It’s raining!
It’s pouring from the sky!
Let’s crawl inside this barrel,
And that will keep us dry!


Dame Trot And Her Cat
Dame Trot and her cat,
Led a peaceable life,
When they were not troubled
With other folks’ strife.

When Dame had her dinner,
Kitty would wait,
And was sure to receive,
A nice piece from her plate.


The Spring Wind
The summer wind,
Is soft and sweet.
The winter wind is strong.
The autumn wind is mischievous,
And sweeps the leaves along.
The wind I love the best,
Comes gently after rain,
Smelling of spring,
And growing things,
Brushing the world,
With feathery wings,
While everything glistens,
And everything sings,
In the spring wing,
After the rain.

Poem by Charlotte Zolotow

The Little Mouse
I have seen you, little mouse,
Running all about the house.
Through the hole your little eye,
In the woodwork, peeping sly,
Hoping soon some crumbs to steal,
To make quite a hearty meal.
Look before you venture out,
See if Kitty is about.
If she’s gone, you’ll quickly run,
To the pantry for some fun,
Round about the dishes creep,
Taking into each a peep,
To choose the daintiest that’s there,
Spoiling things you do not care.


Snooks And Brooks
As Tommy Snooks and Bessie Brooks,
Were walking out one Sunday,
Said Tommy Brooks to Bessie Brooks,
Tomorrow will be Monday!”


Rupert was watching his cows,
In sunshine and in rain.
Berries and berries he ate,
And berries and berries again.

Always he sat on a hill,
And sang a little song.
And he was just as happy,
As the day is long.


Ten Fingers
I have ten little fingers,
And they all belong to me.
I can make them do things.
Would you like to see?

I can shut them up tight,
Or open them wide.
I can put them together,
Or make them all hide.

I can make them jump high.
I can make them jump low.
I can fold them quietly,
And hold them just so.


My Teddy Bear
A teddy bear is nice to hold.
The one I have is getting old.
His paws are almost wearing out,
And so’s his funny, furry snout,
From rubbing on my nose of skin,
And all his fur is pretty thin.
A ribbon and a piece of string,
Make a sort of necktie thing.
His eyes came out, and now instead,
He has some new ones made of thread.
I take him everywhere I go,
And tell him all the things I know.
I like the way he feels at night,
All snuggled up against me tight.

Poem by Margaret Hillert

Jenny At The Fair
Jenny shall have a new bonnet,
And Jenny shall go to the fair,
And Jenny shall have a blue ribbon,
To tie up her bonny brown hair.


Davy Dumpling
Davy Davy Dumpling,
Boil him in the pot.
Sugar him and butter him,
And eat him while he’s hot.


I See The Moon
I see the moon,
And the moon sees me.
God bless the moon,
And God bless me.


When All The World’s Asleep
Where do insects go at night,
When all the world’s asleep?
Where do bugs and butterflies,
And caterpillars creep?

Turtles sleep inside their shells.
The robin has her nest.
Rabbits and the sly old fox,
Have holes where they can rest.

Bears can crawl inside a cave.
The lion has his den.
Cows can sleep inside the barn,
And pigs can use their pen.

But where do bugs and butterflies,
And caterpillars creep,
When everything is dark outside,
And all the world’s asleep?

Poem by Anita E. Posey

The Squirrel
Whisky, frisky,
Hippity hop,
Up he goes,
To the treetop!

Whirly, twirly,
Round and round,
Down he scampers,
To the ground.

Furly, curly,
What a tail!
Tall as a feather,
Broad as a sail!

Where’s his supper?
In the shell,
Out it fell!



Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 

(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view. This lesson is a “READ-ALOUD” Core Knowledge (R) passage that has been rewritten to be at a lower-grade independent reading level complexity than the original, largely by shortening and simplifying sentence structures while maintaining the richness of the text content.)

The Five Senses 

Lesson 61 – Part One

NEW WORDS: alarms, automatically, blink, bruises, busy, closely, colored, colorful, controls, corners, ducts, easier, eyeballs, eyebrows, eyelashes, eyelids, flowing, friend’s, greenish, gumball, gumballs, gummy, hairs, happens, inch, iris, irises, marble, means, moist, normal, perfume, poked, protect, protected, protecting, pupil, pupils, release, room’s, seconds, senses, sockets, surrounds, tear, tubes, ways

My Senses Are Amazing
My senses are amazing.
They help me do so much.
My eyes can see, my ears can hear.
My skin and hands can touch.

My senses are amazing.
They make me happy, too.
My tongue can taste the food I eat.
My nose can smell perfume.

My senses are amazing.
They keep me safe from harm.
My nose smells smoke, my skin feels heat.
My ears hear fire alarms.

My senses are amazing.
And now you know them well.
Let’s say all five together now.
Sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell.


The Sense of Sight
People say this sometimes. Have you ever heard it? “Look before you leap!” It means, “be careful.” Think things through before you act. It’s a well-known saying. It makes a lot of sense. Think about it! How might we use our eyes? What do we do before we walk, run, or leap? We look at the ground in front of us! Would we move forward with our eyes closed? Of course not. It would be dangerous. We might trip or fall. That would hurt! Our sense of sight keeps us safe.

Your eyes help protect you. And they protect your body. You won’t bump into things. So, you won’t get bruises. And, you won’t fall. Don’t you look both ways before you cross the street? Surely you do. So, your eyes are busy protecting you. But what’s protecting your eyes? Now read this closely. You’ll learn how body parts work to keep your eyes safe.

This can be hard to see in a mirror. But your eyes are round, like balls. That’s why they’re called eyeballs. They’re as big and round as a normal-sized gumball. Or a marble. They’re each about an inch wide. But they aren’t hard like gumballs. They’re actually squishy! A lot like gummy bears! They’re set into holes in your head. Those are called eye sockets. This way, they won’t get dirty. And they won’t get poked.


What are your eyelids? They’re little pieces of skin. They come down. They cover your eyeballs. That’s when you close your eyes or blink. And you don’t think about this. Your eyes blink automatically. They blink every few seconds. That keeps your eyeballs moist. And you have long hairs on your eyelids. They’re called eyelashes. They help brush away dirt. Then the dirt won’t get in your eyes. And you have eyebrows. They’re hairs above your eyes. They’re important, too. They keep water and sweat from flowing down into your eyeballs.

Tears are important. They protect your eyes, too. But you don’t have to cry. Tears can come without crying! You have tiny tear ducts. (Ducts are like tubes.) They’re in the corners of your eyes. They release the tears. They keep your eyes moist. Have you ever gotten something in your eye? Maybe dust or sand? Maybe small bugs? Tears wash these things out of your eyes.

So, now see what you know about eyes. You have eyelids and eyelashes. You have eyebrows, tear ducts, and eye sockets. All these body parts help you. They work hard to protect your eyes from getting hurt from the outside.


But eyes need to be protected from the inside, too. You’re in luck. Two inside parts of the eye do that. One is the iris. One is the pupil.

Look at your friend’s eye. See the little black dot? It’s right in the middle? It looks like a dot. But it’s a tiny, covered hole. That’s the pupil. And that’s where the light comes into the eye.

Look at your friend’s eyes again. Look around the pupil. Which color do you see? There is a colorful ring there. It surrounds the pupil. It’s the iris. Different people have different-colored irises. There are three most common colors. They’re brown, blue, and green. But there are lots of other shades. You can have gray, or light or dark brown. You can have greenish-blue eyes.

The iris lets light into the pupil. But it controls how much. This is a big deal. You don’t want TOO much light. That can hurt your eyes. Turn down the room’s lights. What happens? Each iris opens up. Your black pupils get bigger. This lets in more light. That makes it easier to see. What about being in the sunlight? Your irises close up around the pupil. Your pupils are now small. So, less light comes in. It doesn’t matter what color your irises are. They have a big job. That’s to control how much light gets into the pupils.


Aren’t eyes cool? Be glad they have all their parts. That’s to keep them safe. They’re always working hard. They help you see the world around you. You can do your part, too! Don’t put things in your eyes that might harm them. Even your fingers! You protect your eyes. Then your eyes do their best to protect you! And listen for this saying. “Look before you leap.” Tell your eyes a quiet, “thank-you.” They just helped to keep you safe!





From Oats, Corn, Beans, And Green Peas Grow

Then he stands and takes his ease, stamps his feet, and claps his hand.

From Sam

This is Sam’s bug, King Tut. King Tut hops from plant to plant.

From Squirrel Nutkin

What if you ask him a riddle? He will throw sticks at you! He will stamp his feet.

From Scott

Scott says, “Let the bats sleep.” Just then a bat glides up. It flaps its wings.

From The City Mouse And The Country Mouse

They got to the city. The Country Mouse saw his cousin’s grand mansion. He cried, “Oh, my!”



From Lesson B-58


Her kids are brats.



Activity 26) CCVCC WORDS: “Short-A” repeated exposure … continued:


I just can’t quite grasp what the professor is saying.


I would like some Kraft ranch dressing on my salad, please.


The pirate yelled, “Arrgh, make him walk the plank!” 


We’re going to plant a new tree over there by the fence.


If you play a prank on someone, you’d better expect that they’ll get you back and play one on you!


I told dad that my scalp itched, and he looked and found lice in my hair.


I think that scamp took some money from my wallet.


There was scant food to be found during the Pilgrims’ first winter in the New World.


Our cat scats if our next door neighbor’s dog comes over.


The phrase, “Let’s hit the road” is a form of slang for “let’s get going.”


The slant of that roof is unusually steep.


My cousin slaps his hand on his knee every time his favorite team gets a basket.


Make sure that you dust the slats on the Venetian blinds.


Julie snaps her fingers really loudly.


The arrow landed spang on target.


I will never spank you, but I might put you in a timeout.


Our dog and cat are constantly having little spats with each other.


Hmm, this stamp won’t stick to the envelope.


Stand right here while I pay for the groceries.


The old man stank of potent cigar smoke.


The baseball coach kept lots of stats on his players’ performance.


The movie actress wore a swank dress to the Oscars.


The king provided a large tract of land to his favorite knight in return for his loyalty.


My favorite movie is Disney’s “The Lady And The Tramp.”


Hunters sometimes put out traps in the woods.


The guitarist’s out-of-tune instrument had an unpleasant twang to it.


I think that he has a harsh voice.


I can’t wait to see my friends when we get back.


Watch out for cars while you walk the dog.


I wanted to tell you how much you have helped me.


Trent, your room looks like a war zone; clean it up!


Please help me wash the car.


That big wave was fun to surf on.


I have lost some weight in the last few months.


We get to go out west on our trip.


The back wheel on my bike is messed up.


I don’t care whether you wear your blue or your gray pants.


I ate a whole lot of fruit at lunch.







Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 

(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view. This lesson is a “READ-ALOUD” Core Knowledge (R) passage that has been rewritten to be at a lower-grade independent reading level complexity than the original, largely by shortening and simplifying sentence structures while maintaining the richness of the text content.)

The Five Senses

Lesson 62 – Part Two

NEW WORDS: Australia, brain, buildings, copied, covering, door’s, ear, eardrums, earmuffs, echo, figures, frequent, goofy, invisible, listening, lowered, muffled, noises, objects, outdoors, parent, photo, plugs, protects, safety, stereo, surrounding, travels, vibrate, vibrations, volume, whisper

The Sense of Hearing
Do you like rhymes? Try this. “Without ears, no one hears!” Sorry, that was goofy. Your ears take in sounds around you. You might be awake. You could be asleep. You’re talking. You’re listening. You’re walking. You’re swimming. Your ears are at work! Cover your ears. What about now? You’ll still hear sound. Try it! This is not like your eyes. You can close them. Then you can’t see. But you can’t “close your ears!” You can’t turn them off. They hear sound all the time. Listen. Check out how you hear sounds. They get around objects. They come through objects. (Think about a closed door.) Sounds find their way into your ears.

How does sound get in your ear? It travels through the air. It’s called “sound waves.” It’s like waves in the sea. Sound waves move across a space. As they do, they move up and down. And they make noise as they move. But it’s not like waves in the sea. You can see those. Sound waves are invisible. You can’t see them. But they’re all around you. They zoom through the air. They bounce off things. They travel through objects.


What if the door’s closed in your room? Can you hear sounds from the hall? Of course you can. The sound waves come right through the door or wall. Can you hear me talk if you cover your ears with your hands? You can. But the sounds might be lowered. They might be muffled. Sounds lose strength when they pass through things.

Can sound waves pass through everything? No, they can’t. Sometimes, they bounce off of things. Things like mountains or buildings. Have you ever heard an echo? That’s when you hear a sound that you made “come back at you.” It has bounced back off of something.

Look at this photo. It’s a place called Echo Point. It’s in the Blue Mountains of Australia. Someone can give a loud shout from this cliff. The sound waves from their voice head out. They bounce off of the surrounding cliffs. Wait a second or two. Then you hear your voice echo clearly. It feels like someone else was standing on the opposite cliff. And they copied everything you said!


So, sound waves come into your ear? What do they do, then? They bounce off your “eardrums.” They’re inside your ears. They’re kind of like real drums. They get bumped by sound waves. Then, they vibrate back and forth. These vibrations travel inside your ear. Then they head to your brain. Your brain figures out what sound made the vibrations. Your brain helps you describe the sound. Is it loud or quiet? Is it high or low? Your brain helps you “make sense of the sound.” 

There’s a frequent way we describe a sound. That’s how loud or quiet it is. This is called the “volume.” (Think about “turning up the volume.” That could be on your radio or stereo.) There’s another way to describe a quiet sound. That’s to say it’s a soft sound. A whisper is a soft sound. You’ve heard a fire alarm in your school. Was it loud or soft? You WANT it to be really loud. That way, people can’t ignore it. It’s loud sound makes you want to run away from it. So, you run outdoors to safety.


You’ve heard a really loud noise. What do you want to do, then? You might throw your hands up to cover your ears. Your brain tells you to do that. Loud noise hurts! Covering them protects them. It keeps your eardrums safe from sound waves that might hurt them. And, you can use ear plugs or earmuffs. Those are good for ear safety. So, protect your ears from loud noises. And oh, NEVER put anything in your ears! Only a parent or doctor should do that. There’s only one thing YOU put in your ears. And that’s sound waves!

Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 

(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view. This lesson is a “READ-ALOUD” Core Knowledge (R) passage that has been rewritten to be at a lower-grade independent reading level complexity than the original, largely by shortening and simplifying sentence structures while maintaining the richness of the text content.)

The Five Senses


Lesson 63 – Part Three

NEW WORDS: allergies, buttery, catches, chocolate, creatures, dangers, extra, further, hitting, hover, huh, humans, identify, inhale, inhales, liking, message, microscope, microscopic, mucus, nostrils, odor, odors, openings, popcorn, receptors, scent, scents, sniffing, snot, stuffy, telling, theater, tissue, traps

The Sense of Smell
Take a deep breath. You “inhale” when you do that. That’s fancy for “breathe in.” Think about each time you inhale. A lot more than air goes up your nose. What else comes into your nose? Thousands of tiny little “molecules.” Molecules are VERY small. They’re WAY too small to see. They’re called odor molecules. (“Odor” is a fancy word for “smell.”) Together, they make up what we call “scents.” The man in this picture inhales. The odor molecules go up his nose. Then he smells the scent of coffee.

Molecules are microscopic. You can’t see them with your eyes. You need a microscope. But they’re everywhere. They’re floating in the air right around you. There are millions of them! Think about things that have a scent. Flowers. Food. Old garbage. They hover around things that have a scent. And what’s the inside of your nose doing? It’s like a big, damp cave. It catches and keeps odor molecules.


You might sniff a flower. Odor molecules rush in. They come through your “nostrils.” These are the two openings in your nose. They go high up inside your nose. They finally reach “smell receptors.” These tell your brain about the molecules you just sniffed. And your brain sends a message back. It tells you the scent you smelled. “That’s a sweet-smelling flower.”

How many kinds of smells and odors are there? Humans can identify between 4,000 and 10,000! Think about that. We can tell the difference between that many smells!

We’re lucky to be able to do that. Of course, no one likes a bad smell! But how about other creatures? Some animals have a better sense of smell than humans. How many of you have a dog? Dogs have 25 times more smell receptors than humans!

Dogs have to sniff really hard. This gets the odor molecules all the way up their nose. There, they meet their smell receptors. Think about a dog walking with its nose to the ground. You can hear it sniffing. People sniff, too. You do it when you want to figure out where a smell is coming from. Or you might want to find out what a smell means. Let’s all inhale and sniff, now.


Did any of you have trouble sniffing? If so, maybe it’s because your nose is stuffed up. What’s a stuffy nose? It means that your nostrils are full of “mucus.” (You might giggle at this. “Mucus” means “snot.” Gross, huh?) You always have some mucus in your nose. There’s also some in other parts of your head. But what happens when you’re sick with a cold? What if you have allergies? Your body makes even more mucus.

Mucus is very important. There can be dirt floating around in the air you breathe. Mucus traps a lot of that dirt. So, it keeps it from going further into your body. If you’re sick, you have extra mucus. It can stuff up your nose. Or it can cause it to run. How does the extra mucus help you? Odor molecules can’t go as high into your nose. Now, they can’t reach the smell receptors. The odor molecules are blocked. They’re stopped by the mucus. For sure, a stuffed-up nose is no fun. And you can’t smell things as well. But now you know there’s a good side to it. You just have to deal with it. It’s time to grab a tissue and blow your nose!


Your sense of smell helps protect you. Think about smoke molecules. They go up your nose to your smell receptors. Your brain knows there’s a fire somewhere. So, you’ll know what to do. You need to get away from the fire? What if you’re not sure you smell smoke? Maybe you only think you do? Be careful! It’s smart to leave the area. Then have a grown-up check to see if there is a fire. Better safe than sorry!

So, your sense of smell can tell you about bad things or dangers. But it can be a lot of fun to sniff. Lots of things smell great. How about chocolate chip cookies baking in the oven? Or buttery popcorn at a movie theater? Think about liking a smell. Try to remember this. Odor molecules are hitting your smell receptors. They’re telling your brain something nice. “Wow, that smells great!”

Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 

(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view. This lesson is a “READ-ALOUD” Core Knowledge (R) passage that has been rewritten to be at a lower-grade independent reading level complexity than the original, largely by shortening and simplifying sentence structures while maintaining the richness of the text content.)

The Five Senses


Lesson 64 – Part Four

NEW WORDS: babies, bitter, chicken’s, desserts, detect, favorite, flavorful, fond, fried, fruits, juices, lemons, melted, melts, moves, neighbor, noses, notices, occur, pickles, pinching, popular, pretzels, pucker, saliva, sizes, squint, tongues, types, weakest

The Sense of Taste
See the boy in this picture? He’s happy. He’s about to taste something yummy and sweet. He knows it ahead of time! But guess what he needs so he can taste it? Just a few bumps on his tongue! Taste is the weakest of the five senses. So, it gets help from another sense. That helps you enjoy the foods you eat. Can you guess which sense is? Keep reading. You’ll find out what sense works with taste. Together, that’s what helps you enjoy the foods you eat.

What’s the first thing you do when you eat food? You open your mouth. You take a bite. You start to chew it. You grind it up with your teeth. You have wet “saliva” (“spit”) inside your mouth. It melts or breaks up the chewed-up food. That makes it easy to swallow. The melted food then moves across your tongue. Then it goes down your throat. And it catches on little bumps on your tongue.


Turn to a neighbor. Look at each other’s tongues. You’ll see the bumps. They’re all over. Those tiny bumps have taste buds in them. They come in all shapes and sizes. They tell your brain that something tastes good or bad. There are over 10,000 taste buds in your mouth!

Certain spots on your tongue have special taste buds. They detect four types of tastes. These are: sweet, salty, bitter, and sour. Fruits and desserts taste sweet. They contain sugar. Most people like sweet tastes. Even babies smile when they taste sugar. Pretzels taste salty. A little salt can make foods more flavorful. Bitter tastes don’t occur as often. Coffee is a good example of a bitter taste. On your first try you may not like it. And with no cream and sugar, you may hate it!

Most people aren’t fond of sour tastes. But some sour things are popular. Lemons and pickles taste sour. Let’s say you eat a sour candy. What kind of face do you make? Most people pucker up. They suck in their lips like fish. Then they squint their eyes. And they wrinkle their noses!


This is also important! Know this about taste and taste buds. Maybe something doesn’t taste as good as your favorite food. But that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t try it. It might be healthy for you! Taste buds can be trained. You can learn to like lots of different tastes. Some tastes seem strange or bad at first. But your taste buds get used to them. Before you know it, you’ve learned to like those tastes.

You have five senses. They are sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Taste helps you enjoy your food. Smell helps you enjoy your food, too. Your senses of taste and smell work together. They help you figure out what your food tastes like. Let’s take a nice piece of fried chicken. You bring it up to your mouth to eat. You start smelling it before you take a bite. You keep smelling it as you chew! By themselves, your taste buds might not tell it’s chicken. They can just tell that it’s a little salty. And that it’s not sweet, sour, or bitter. But your nose sniffs in the chicken’s odor molecules. It sends the brain even more details. It notices tastes from the oil, the meat, and the juices!


This boy doesn’t like his medicine. Do this the next time you have to taste something you don’t like. Try to hold your nose. See how well you can still taste it. What you’ve put in your mouth moves across your taste buds. But the taste won’t be as strong if you are pinching your nose. That’s because you’ve closed off your nostrils. You’ve blocked the odor molecules. They can’t reach the smell receptors. You need the extra help from your sense of smell. Without smell, you can’t taste things as well.

Think about what happens when you have a cold. Your food doesn’t taste as good as normal. That’s because your nose is blocked. It’s filled with mucus. So, your sense of smell can’t help your sense of taste. What if your nose is REALLY stuffed up? You may not be able to taste your food at all!





From Kitchen Tale

The bat hit the wall. SPLAT! He fell flat.

From Jack Sprat 

Jack Sprat could eat no fat. His wife could eat no lean.

From Is He Me?  

His hair is black. Mine is red.

From An Old Man Of Ware

When they asked, “Does it  trot?” He said, “No. Not a lot.

From The Swing

I look down on the grass, so green.

From Wee Boy Blue

He lies on a hay stack, he’s gone fast to sleep.

From Brad The Bad Lad

I know a bad lad, a high school grad, who likes to wear plaid.

From Jay Frog

He had a bug sandwich. Bread, gnats, ants, flies. “Yum !”

From Zack And Ann

The crab runs up. Then it snaps at Zack’s leg.


The bug was on Zack’s chin. Zack went to smack the bug.


Dan must fix up his ship. The ship has a big crack in its mast.



Activity 27) CCCVC WORDS: “Short-A” repeated exposure:


I think that poor scrag is a feral cat.


Scram, you bumblebee, you’re scaring me!


I just need a scrap of paper to write this down.


I heard a big “SPLAT!” and a bird had pooped on dad’s head.


Activity 28) OTHER C&V WORDS: “Short-A” repeated exposure, also including silent letters:


I have a lot of angst about the test That I’ve got to take on Monday.


I asked mom if we could go to a movie, and she said, “yes.”


My two aunts are both really good singers.


Have you ever seen cats riding on the backs of dogs?


The mama cow is expected to calve some time in the next couple of days.


A “caste system” is when some people in society are considered “better” than others, based on the family that they were born in.


Boss, I faxed that letter just like you asked me to.


It was quite a gaffe when our speaker let out a loud burp in the middle of his speech.


We land big sports fish like marlin by using sharp gaffs.


I surely hope that no one ever hacks into my computer!


I think this is too big a serving, so how about we halve this piece of cake?


Grandpa said that when he was a kid he and his friends used to play a game called jacks.


I’m afraid that your book report lacks clarity about the main character’s fatal flaw.


I’m going to take a time-lapse photo of the stars tonight.


Our neighbors the Macks just got a golden retriever puppy.


The workers in that factory staged a walkout en masse.


When you print these photos, I’d like them to have a matte finish.


A nappe is a big chunk of rock that has been created by Earth movements.


Have you ever noticed how Dad packs the car with lightning speed?


The shoes on those racks over there are the ones that are on sale.


Can you help me bring in those sacks of Christmas presents from the car?


Let me put this salve on your cut so that it won’t get infected.  


Whose scarf is this on the coat rack?


Let this wasp out the window.


I could not have done that without your help!


Those women are all in my book group.


I wonder what’s in that gift box.


Mom called and said that she’d be working late.


Who would think to write a tall tale where a frog turns into a prince?


I’ll say it; you were right, and I was wrong.


Yeah, I’d love hot dogs cooked on the grill.


No, I have not seen that show yet.


I saw a huge snake at the zoo.









Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 

(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view. This lesson is a “READ-ALOUD” Core Knowledge (R) passage that has been rewritten to be at a lower-grade independent reading level complexity than the original, largely by shortening and simplifying sentence structures while maintaining the richness of the text content.)

The Five Senses

Lesson 65 – Part Five 

NEW WORDS: areas, body’s, bottoms, bumpy, burned, clothing, complex, contains, dull, endings, excited, feelings, fingertip, fingertips, hurting, injury, itch, itches, itchy, likely, memory, messages, needles, nerve, nerves, partly, paying, react, rough, sensation, sensitive, snowball, texture, thanks, throughout, ticklish, warning, web, wires

The Sense of Touch
You can feel things. That’s the sense of touch. You use it all the time. It happens whether you know it or not. You’re using your sense of touch right now. Your body knows you’re sitting on something hard or soft. Your body knows if you’re cold or warm.

Remember this. Every sense has its own body part. You see with your eyes. You hear with your ears. You smell with your nose. You taste with your tongue. But what do you use for the sense of touch? Did you guess hands or fingers. You’d be partly right. Your hands are what you use most to touch things. But you can touch with every part of your body! You heard it right. Every body part that has skin has the sense of touch.

You’ve jumped into a cold pool on a hot day. You hit the water. Splash! Right then, you get a cool, shivery feeling. It’s all over your body. The skin on your back, legs, and arms is all touching the water.


How is your skin able to feel? It contains nerves. Nerves are like tiny wires. They’re running through your whole body. They carry messages to your brain. Think about when you get close to a fire. The nerves send a message to the brain. “Something feels hot.” Think about making a snowball. But you don’t have gloves on. The nerves send a message. “Something feels cold.”

You can feel with every part of your body. But some body parts have more nerves than other parts. The nerves are right beneath the skin. So, you feel more with those parts. We call those parts “more sensitive.” Your fingertips are very sensitive. That makes them good for feeling things. Each fingertip has about 100 nerve endings. And you likely have some ticklish spots. Are the bottoms of your feet ticklish? Those are also sensitive areas.

Your sense of touch can feel the “texture” of things. Texture can mean soft and hard, wet and dry. It can mean smooth, bumpy, and rough. A feather is soft, but a rock is hard. What about knives and needles and scissors? What word do we use to describe their feel? Sharp. And what if something isn’t sharp? We say it’s dull, or smooth.


Your sense of touch helps to protect you. It helps to keep you safe and healthy. Thanks to your amazing brain. Thanks to the complex web of nerves throughout your body. Your body has learned to react to certain types of feelings. Think about touching something that was too hot. You’ll remember and will never do that again. That’s because it hurt! You have a memory of the burning sensation you felt. This helps to protect you from hurting yourself again. Humans’ sense of touch has protected them for a very long time. Think about when they first discovered fire. They had to learn not to get burned. A bad burn can be very dangerous!

Sometimes you’re ready to go outside and play. But then someone calls you back inside. They say, “Put on a coat!” Would you go outside in the snow wearing only a T-shirt? Then all the nerve endings under your skin would become excited. They’d be quite sensitive. You’d feel cold. You’d need to put on extra clothing. A coat and hat and mittens would keep you warm. That way, your skin doesn’t feel so cold.


Nobody likes to get a mosquito bite. You feel an itch when you’re bitten. The nerves in your skin make you feel itchy. Think about when you feel pain. Maybe it’s from a bee sting, or an injury. This is your body’s way of warning you. “Be more careful next time,” your brain tells you!

How many things can you feel right now? How many things are you touching? “Touch” is a lot like your other senses. Your sense of touch is always ready to work. And you probably don’t even think about most of the things you touch or feel during the day. But your nerves are paying attention. And they’ll let you know if something hurts, tickles, or itches.

Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 

(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view. This lesson is a “READ-ALOUD” Core Knowledge (R) passage that has been rewritten to be at a lower-grade independent reading level complexity than the original, largely by shortening and simplifying sentence structures while maintaining the richness of the text content.)

The Five Senses

Lesson 66 – Part Six 

NEW WORDS: Braille, Presidents, Ray’s, Sundays, ability, accomplish, blackberries, blindness, challenge, completely, concerts, countryside, develop, disability, disease, exploring, eyesight, happier, independently, jukebox, lessons, letters, local, musician, nearly, opportunity, pebbles, piano, pitched, player, powerful, ray, recognize, records, remarkable, restaurant, saxophone, sighted, singer, soaked, songwriter, sounded, spite, sponges, streams, succeed, succeeded, successful, sway, tapped, teachers, terrible, totally, writing

Ray Charles
Ray Charles was world-famous. He was a piano player, singer, and songwriter. People all over the world recognize his face. And they love the wonderful songs he wrote. He was a remarkable musician. But there’s something more amazing. He became a musician after he became totally blind.

Ray Charles was born with normal eyesight. He grew up playing and doing all the things other kids did. He liked exploring the countryside with his brother. He pitched pebbles into streams. He picked juicy blackberries. But he loved music more than anything else. He loved to sing in church on Sundays. He also liked going to a local restaurant. There, they had a jukebox. That’s a big machine that plays music. Ray would listen to the jukebox for hours on end.


But things changed when Ray was six years old. He became very sick. He had a terrible eye disease. His mother took him to a doctor. He told her that the disease would cause Ray to lose his sight. He would become blind. By age seven, Ray was totally blind. What’s it like to be completely blind? You see no colors, no shapes, no light — nothing. Turn out the lights. Shut your eyes. That’s what the world looked like to Ray.

His mother wanted him to be successful in life. His blindness would be a challenge. She sent him to a special school. It was for blind children. Ray worked hard to learn and succeed in school. The teachers showed him ways he could learn to live independently. This would be without much help from others. He could be successful, even with his blindness.

It might surprise you to know this. Blind people can do most of the things that sighted people can do. How do they accomplish this? They learn to use their other senses really well. And it helps more if they go to a school for blind students. Blind people learn to read with their fingers. They use a kind of writing called Braille. There are raised dots on a page. These dots represent letters and words. One can read by feeling the dots with their fingers.


Ray’s favorite part of school was music lessons. His other senses helped him become a remarkable musician. Ray once told someone this. “My eyes are my disability. But my ears are my opportunity.” He succeeded in spite of his blindness. Mr. Charles felt lucky that he was able to hear!

Ray used his senses of hearing and touch. By doing that, he learned to play the piano. There are eighty-eight keys on a piano. Each key, when tapped, makes a different sound. For most people, it takes a long time to learn to play the piano well. But Ray learned to play the piano quickly. He also learned to play the saxophone and other instruments.


His love of music was stronger than his blindness. He once told someone this. “My ears were sponges. They soaked it all up.” He meant that his ears were able to hear a new song just once. Then he would be able to remember it. He could play it the same way he had heard it just once! His strong sense of hearing helped him develop a powerful ability. He heard which notes sounded good together. In school, he learned to write his own songs. School was nearly over for him. He knew then that he wanted to be a musician.

Over the years, Ray became world famous. He made many records of his songs. He gave concerts all over the world. He even met a few Presidents of the U.S! He almost always had a wide smile on his face. He looked happy when he played. He would stomp his feet to the beat of the music. He would sway back and forth. It was like the music was throughout his body. Nothing made Ray Charles happier than playing music. He once said this. “Music to me is part of me. I look at music the same as I look at my blood and my breath. It’s something I have to have.”

Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 

(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view. This lesson is a “READ-ALOUD” Core Knowledge (R) passage that has been rewritten to be at a lower-grade independent reading level complexity than the original, largely by shortening and simplifying sentence structures while maintaining the richness of the text content.)

The Five Senses


Lesson 67 – Part Seven

NEW WORDS: Anne, Anne’s, Helen, Helen’s, Keller, Ms., Sullivan, amazed, anger, behaving, books, bury, challenges, college, communicate, communication, confusing, connections, darkness, deaf, deafness, determined, dinnertime, discouraged, else’s, everyone’s, frightening, frustration, fumbled, grades, graduated, groped, guide, happen, hired, imagine, impaired, learning, literally, memories, overcame, parents, person, person’s, pointed, remembered, remembers, sensations, signing, silence, speeches, spelled, supported, teaching, toys, uses, writer

Helen Keller
Close your eyes. You’re sitting in a dark room. There are no windows. Earmuffs are covering your ears. You can’t hear a thing. You can’t see. You can’t hear anything or anyone. You can’t talk, either. Now imagine this. You’ve got to stand up and move around this dark and silent room. You can use only your hands and feet to guide you. How would you feel if you had to stay in this room? You’d likely feel startled and frightened by everything, and everyone, who touched you. You’d probably feel sorry for yourself. You’d feel quite frustrated. Maybe even discouraged. You couldn’t tell anyone what you were thinking. And you couldn’t tell them what you needed.

Well, this can happen to some people. That’s what life was like for a girl named Helen Keller. She was born a long time ago. It was over 150 years ago. When she was a baby, she caught a bad disease. It made her lose both her eyesight and her hearing. Helen Keller was blind and deaf. She was like this for the rest of her life. She had to live in a world of total darkness and silence.


Life was hard for Helen as she grew up. She was frustrated and angry a lot. And she was not just blind and deaf. She was not able to talk or communicate with other people, either. She felt sorry for herself. She was often mean to others. Some children tried to play with her. Helen might break their toys. One time she locked her mother in a room. Her mom couldn’t get out. Things were rough at dinnertime. Helen walked around the table sniffing everyone’s food. She might smell something she liked on someone else’s plate. Then she would grab it and gobble it up!

Helen felt her way through the world. She groped and fumbled through the silent darkness. Her senses of touch, smell, and taste were her only connections to the outside world. As a grown-up, she remembered those days. Here’s what she said. “I literally thought with my body.” The only memories she had from those years were sensations. She remembers what she did when she was really upset. She used to run outside. She would bury her hot face in the cool leaves and grass. She let her sense of smell guide her. She would make her way through the garden. She could smell, and then find, the roses and violets that calmed her down.


Helen’s mom and dad loved her very much. But she could not understand the world around her. So, she seemed disobedient and hard to control. Things changed when she was six. Her parents hired a special teacher. Her name was Anne Sullivan. She was to take care of Helen at home. Anne came to stay with the family. She knew that Helen was behaving badly out of frustration and anger. But she knew that Helen could break out of her dark world. She would have to learn to communicate with others. But how would she do this? Anne knew Helen would need to learn a lot of words.

Anne knew that Helen had never learned what a word was. That’s because Helen couldn’t hear or talk. She started teaching Helen words. She did this by using her finger. She would “write and spell” them on the palm of Helen’s hand. Helen might splash her hand with water. Sullivan would take Helen’s other hand. Then she spelled out the letters in the word water. “W-A-T-E-R.” Then Helen pointed to herself. Anne spelled out the letters in the word Helen. “H-E-L-E-N.”


To Helen, learning from Anne was a great thing for her. It was like being born a second time. Suddenly, the world was not such a confusing, frightening place. Helen Keller later said this. “I had been a little ghost in a no-world. Now I knew my name. I was a person. I could understand people. I could make them understand me.”

Helen finally had a way to tell people what she was thinking. When she wanted to speak to Anne, she wrote words on Anne’s hand. But it took a long time to spell out a whole sentence. Later, Anne taught Helen sign language. She was then able to communicate more easily.

Sign language is a special kind of language. A person uses only their hands and fingers. They make signs for letters and words. People use sign language to speak to deaf people. Today, we call deafness “being hearing-impaired.” For Helen, though, there was an extra challenge. Not being able to see made signing communication harder. She had to feel the other person’s hand. That was while they were making the signs. Only then could she know what they were saying.


Helen truly loved learning. So, Anne knew that she would love reading. Helen left home. She went to a special school for blind children. Anne went with her. Helen learned to read books in Braille. That’s the special kind of print that uses raised dots on the page. Helen was able to read the words. She felt them with her fingertips. At school, she made a lot of friends. And, she got good grades. She was determined to succeed. Anne really supported her. Helen graduated from both high school and college!

Later in her life, Helen became a famous writer and speaker. In her books and speeches, she told the remarkable story of her life. People were impressed that Ms. Keller never gave up. They were amazed that she overcame the challenges of being both deaf and blind.





From Sam

Sam sits in Miss Mack’s class. The kids will print till class ends.


Miss Mack has the class print. The kids print “black cat.”

From The Elephant Carries A Big Trunk

The elephant carries a great big trunk. He never packs it with clothes.

From Snap Shots

The cat can smell the fish. It can press on the glass.

From Peter Rabbit

He was caught by the buttons on his coat. It was a blue coat. It had brass buttons.

From Squirrel Nutkin

They went to Owl Island. They had sacks. There, they planned to get lots of nuts.

From Gran

“Josh will still be mad,” Jen says.

“We can make him a snack,” says Gran.


Gran, Tex, and the kids are at a track. Gran is all set to drive in a Mud Run.

From Why Flies Buzz

The crocodile was mad. Its tail went, “swack! swack! swack!”

From The Crazies

One aunt’s Gracie, one aunt’s Stacey.



Activity 28) OTHER C&V WORDS: “Short-A” repeated exposure, also including silent letters … continued:


Post these notes on the corkboard with these tacks.


Because the British taxed the colonists without representation, they staged the Boston Tea Party.


We need to replace this valve in your car’s engine.


I had my eyebrows waxed this morning.


That baby yacks away in her own invented language.


Oh no, a black cat crossed my path, and that means bad luck.


Fort Bragg, in North Carolina, is one of the largest military installations in the world.


The President has called for a meeting with the military brass.


The glass made a loud clack when she slammed it on the counter.


I learned how to crack open an egg today.


I am offended by that guy’s crass comments.


The aircraft had to dodge the flack being fired at them by the enemy.


Roberta Flack is famous for the tune “Killing Me Softly With His Song.”


Uh-oh, this glass has a chip on the lip.


It’s buggy out today, and gnats keep flying up my nostrils!


Son, your chore for today is to mow the grass.


I think that she was born with a knack for being musical.


That’s a pretty plaid shirt that you’ve got on.


We should probably let up a bit and give this rope a little slack.


You’re going to really smack your lips when you taste how good this is.


Mom gave me a banana for a snack today.


Honey, I need you to wash this stack of dishes, please.


Hey guys, the boss has called an emergency staff meeting.


Did you hear about the train that came off the track downtown today?


With a hard whack to his opponent’s face, the boxer knocked him down.


I hate it when my little brother whaps me on the head.


Their dad’s crazy behavior drove their family to wrack and ruin.


I’d like a couple of turkey sandwich wraps.


The author was all wrapt up in finishing the final chapter of his new novel.








Lesson 68 – Stories Misc

NEW WORDS: Abe, Florida, Florida’s, Kentucky, Louisville, added, alligator, alligators, background, beast’s, bush’s, cardinals, cawed, cell, chose, closer, clubs, confusion, crazy, curve, curved, escapes, fairway, flapped, flee, gator, gator’s, gators, hardest, knelt, mascot, massive, par, players, practice, pro, razor, rustled, stalked, sudden, swoosh, tee, thing’s, twelfth, warmed, wildcat

What A Golf Round!
It was a great day for a golf round. The sky was blue. It was warm. The breeze was light. Abe had played the first nine holes. His score was good. He was now on the twelfth hole. It was a tough one! There were a lot of sand traps.

Abe liked to play alone. That way he could go slow. He could practice his swing a lot. He did this before he’d hit the ball. No one was there to rush him. But today was not a good day to be alone! He was about to find out why!

He was on the tee. He had to think hard. How should he play this hole? It was the hardest hole on the course! It was a long par five. It had a big curve to the right at 230-yards out. There was a big sand trap on the left side. That was at the 200-yard mark. A wide creek lined the right side of the hole. It went all the way to the green.

Should he hit with a wood? Not smart! The fairway was not that wide. The rough on each side was deep. So Abe chose his 2-iron. His odds were better with that club. He often hit it straight.


He warmed up. He took three practice swings. Then, “SWOOSH!” He hit the ball hard. But, OH, NO! The ball was high in the air. But it had curved to the right. “No, no, no!  Not there!” he cried. “Darn it! I hate it when I slice a shot!” The ball dropped right into the creek. “SPLASH!” This was at 190-yards out.

He was SO mad. That was a bad swing. Now he’d get a poor score on this hole. Oh well, you can’t stay mad long with golf. You have to put your chin up. Then you try to fix the mess that you put yourself into.

He walked to the creek. He found the ball. He used a club to pull the ball close to water’s edge. He knelt to pick it up. But he heard a loud sound. It was in a big bush. It was right next to the creek. There was a lot of movement. The bush’s leaves rustled.

All of a sudden, SURPRISE! A head popped out from the bush. WHAT? NO WAY!!  It had a long snout. It had big, evil eyes. And it had HUGE, SHARP TEETH! And it began to move toward Abe!


Abe was in shock. Was he going crazy? It was! But it just could not be! But it was. Abe was being stalked by an ALLIGATOR!!

It opened its mouth wide. It showed off its razor sharp teeth. It came all the way out from the bush. Now Abe could see its size. It was six feet long! In his mind, he talked to himself. “If I don’t flee, FAST, I’ll be this gator’s lunch!”

Abe dropped his clubs. He ran like the wind. But that darned beast could move fast! It came after him. It would not stop or slow down. And it was getting closer. Abe looked back when he had run 100 yards. The gator was now just ten feet from him. He did not know what else he could do! And he was out of breath!

LUCK! Only luck could save him. That mean gator was about to make Abe into a snack. But then the luck came.

A lot of crows were up in the sky. They saw the scene below them. We cannot know “crow talk.” But we do know that crows are VERY smart. So, they came as a team to help poor Abe.


They all flew down, like the speed of light. There were ten of them. And they were massive crows! They flapped and flapped their wings at the gator’s head. That gator had to stop its chase. It could not see! It tried to bite them. But the crows were way too fast for him. And they cawed loudly. It added to the beast’s confusion.

Abe ran fast. He was free from the danger. He was now a long way from that wild scene. Just then, he saw two golf players. They were on the path, on a golf cart. Abe waved his arms. He called out, “HELP! HELP!”

They picked him up. He was now safe on the cart. They all drove down to the scene.  They helped the brave crows. They chased the gator back into the woods.

Of course, they had to shut down the course. No more play for the rest of that day! The golf pro called for help. A bunch of men went into the woods to hunt the gator down.


Abe got home. That’s when it hit him. He yelled this to his mom. “This is Kentucky. There are no alligators in this State! It’s too far north. It’s too cold. They can’t live here. How could there have been a gator in the woods?”

Well, he found out how the next day. The morning paper came. There was a big story on the front page. It read, “Alligator Escapes Louisville Zoo! Brave Young Man Runs From It To Safety.”

And right there was a picture of Abe. Right on the front page! There he was! It was a shot of him. The gator and the crows were in the background. Abe hadn’t known this. One of the men on the golf cart had a camera on his cell phone. He got a good shot of Abe.

Well, one thing’s for sure. If there’s one college that Abe will NEVER go to, it’s Florida. Why? Just like Louisville chose the mascotCARDINALS,” Florida’s mascot is the “GATORS.” NO THANKS! And Abe would much rather be a Kentucky “WILDCAT!”


Lesson 69 – Inf./Deriv. Builder

NEW WORDS: Beth’s, Bo’s, Charles’s, Chip’s, Drew’s, Sue’s, Thor’s, abler, answering, bars, basement, baths, begins, blackest, boarded, booking, bosses, bounces, bowed, bravest, breaded, breads, breaking, breezed, breezing, browner, buffet, busting, busts, bys, canned, carved, catnaps, checkers, cheery, chilling, chipper, chooses, choosing, chore, cleaners, clowned, clucks, coldly, coloring, costing, could’ves, crashed, creaks, creamers, curbs, curse, damper, dances, dashing, deepest, dentist, desks, dinners, docks, dragging, drawers, drawings, dreamers, dries, drilled, drowning, drownings, dryers, ducked, eyed, flocks, grandma’s, hair’s, pork, shirt’s, should’ves, storm, tennis, tooth, tux, twin, vanilla, would’ves

Dad loves catnaps.

Mom boarded the plane.

That was my last chore.

That joke busts me up!

That was a chilling film.

Firemen are busting down the door.

The storm hurt the docks.

My dog hates baths.

How’s the breaded pork chop?

Beth’s in there.

Clean out the drawers.

Line up the desks.

Thor’s the bravest superhero.

The dentist drilled my tooth.

Say your good-bys.

Won’t that be costing too much?

My hair’s browner than yours.

It’s the blackest night in months.

The buffet has lots of breads.

The waves are breaking hard.


That shirt’s at the cleaners.

Dad carved the ham.

He clucks like a chicken.

That’s a curse word!

Our bosses are nice.

Our floor creaks badly.

We lost, so, Coach talked about our would’ves, could’ves, and should’ves.

Drew’s my twin brother.

Those two are dreamers.

I love your drawings!

Our school has 3 dances a year.

The singer bowed to the crowd.

His speech is dragging on.

I bet Mom chooses vanilla.

Chip’s home!

That’s Charles’s dog.

Bo’s my uncle.

I sold 5 clothes dryers today.

They clowned around too much.


It’s damper in the basement.

She bounces the ball well.

Are these canned pears?

I like our church dinners.

Flocks of birds are breezing by.

She eyed me coldly.

She loves candy bars.

He’s in a chipper mood.

I need food coloring.

That was a cheery “hello.”

I need two coffee creamers.

Grandma’s drowning us with love.

She breezed through the test.

He kept driving on the curbs.

That’s a dashing tux!

The pond is deepest here.

I’m answering the phone.

I’m booking our trip.

I’ll wear it when it dries out.

I ducked when the bird flew at me.


Let’s play checkers.

I’m choosing to start a diet.

You got the answers right!

We’ve had no drownings in 10 years.

Sue’s abler at tennis than Jane.

He’s covering up a crime.

We crashed Bob’s party.

Gran loves babies.

It begins in an hour.


Lesson 70 – Inf./Deriv. Builder

NEW WORDS: Brad’s, Fido’s, Rover, Tanya, Todd’s, actor, actors, agreeing, bands, batting, bays, bean, beeps, bending, bibs, biscuit, blasts, boarding, booed, bows, bratty, bravely, braver, breaths, breezes, brownest, bunches, bunching, burner, caged, caked, calming, calmly, caps, cares, causing, chaps, chilled, chins, chomped, classy, clucked, clues, cooed, cooing, cooker, cooks, coolers, crabby, cracker, creams, crunched, crunching, darting, dashes, deeper, don’ts, dos, dozing, drizzles, drooling, dropper, droppings, drowns, drummed, dryer, drying, duckies, dumbest, dumped, dusters, junk, meatloaf, pointy, towel’s, umpire

The cat is dozing.

The dove cooed.

Salt chaps my lips.

Brad’s my cousin.

Is that a dove cooing?

She’s a classy lady.

Fido’s crunching on a bone.

I dumped that into the trash.

Are those rabbit droppings?

She sat down calmly.

I want the brownest jacket.

Bob creams Bill in tennis.

Give me some clues.

There are light breezes outside.

He cares about his baby sister.

Bring the coolers over here.

It’s loud when a rocket blasts off.

I hate playing ball when it drizzles.

Mom’s in a crabby mood.

The new kid is bratty.


I ate the last baked bean.

We sail into bays that are deep.

Rover chomped on his dog biscuit.

The crowd booed the umpire.

No one’s braver than Tanya.

Get the clothes out of the dryer.

The hen clucked loudly.

The lines to the ride are bunching up.

I’m agreeing with you this time.

All of these bands are great.

Did I turn off the oven burner?

He’s calming down now.

My flower bloomed.

Ted finally chilled out.

I need the eye dropper.

Their chins are pointy.

Bending that will make it break.

Todd’s a good actor.

Put the caps on your toothpaste.

I want an animal cracker.


She bravely jumped off the high dive.

I bought a new rice cooker.

Fireflies are darting around the yard.

Take some deep breaths.

I’ll be batting third.

Dad drowns donuts in his coffee.

Mom beeps at other cars a lot.

Have you learned the dos and don’ts about this?

The baby likes rubber duckies.

When will we be boarding the train?

The water’s deeper over there.

Pete drummed a loud beat.

Sis is in two clubs at school.

She has pretty bows in her hair.

I crunched on my popcorn.

That’s the dumbest thing I’ve heard.

The baby will drool on you.

Those dusters need washing.

I hope Mom cooks meatloaf.

Will snow be causing school to close?


Good actors can fake-cry.

I’m drooling to have some cake.

She runs the 100- and 200- yard dashes.

Our house has bunches of junk.

None of the bibs are washed.

The towel’s drying out.

You have mud caked on your shoes!

I feel sorry for a caged pet.




From Kit

Kit helps Max get up. Max helps Jen get up.

From Zack And Ann

The ship has a big crack in its mast. It has dents, which Dan must fix.

From Sam 

Max yelps at the cat. This is Sam’s cat, Tim.

From Scott

The kids run to the dock. They can swim well, but, to be safe, they slip on life vests.

From Lesson B-56

Kent’s at Scot’s house.

From The Five Senses

You have wet “saliva” (“spit”) inside your mouth. It melts or breaks up the chewed-up food.

From Gran

When the plane lands, Gran rents a van and drives the kids to the ranch.



Activity 29) CVCCC WORDS: “Short-E” repeated exposure:


Which of these belts would look best with this suit?


Sally bests me every time that we have a tennis match.


Our family is descended from a group of Celts who lived in Ireland.


I love this delft china that you have on your dining room table.


On my trip to Europe this summer, one of my stops will be Delft, Netherlands.


Where did these dents in the car come from?!


Students, please return to your desks quietly.


Of these various felts, which color do you prefer?


Watch how dad bends his knees, and not at his waist, when he stoops and hefts a heavy box.


It helps to take a few deep breaths when you’re in a situation when you’re nervous.


Hemps are plants that can be refined to make paper, rope, textiles, paint, and a number of other things.


Surely mom jests when she says that she and the cat can talk to each other!


There are 30 different kinds of kelps, which are brown algae seaweeds.


Our friends the Kemps just had their first baby.


Take two immediate lefts from here, and you will dead-end into the boat ramp.


Ice melts at 33 degrees Fahrenheit.


It’s that time of year when the birds are building their nests again.


The trapper brought many beaver pelts to the trading post.


Termites are pests that eat the wood in your house!


My sister rents a small apartment in Manhattan.


Mom always rests while the baby’s taking a nap.


Different sects of the same religion can often have strong disagreements with each other.


The Seine river in France flows through the middle of Paris.


We need to hire more temps to work in the shipping warehouse during the Christmas holidays.


That piece of chocolate cake is going to tempt me to cheat on my diet.


We can pitch our tents in this area of the campsite.


Mrs. Murphy always gives her class challenging tests.


Dad always texts us if he’s going to be home late from work.


Let’s close the car’s vents so that we don’t have to inhale the exhaust from that old car in front of us.


This dance is so formal that we even need to wear our suit vests.


Look at all of these welts that I’ve gotten from chigger bites!


Our friends the Wests just put their house on the market to sell it.


Our cat always yelps when we try to cut her nails.


This recipe calls for the zests of both a lemon and an orange.







Lesson 71 – Inf./Deriv. Builder

NEW WORDS: Parker, buzzers, downstairs, hogging, homework, hopes, houseboat, houseboats, hunter, insides, jumper, keeping, kingfisher, kingfishers, layer, layers, leader, longed, longs, lords, lovely, loving, lucking, manly, marking, might’ve, movers, moving, naming, neater, neatest, nicer, nightlight, nightlights, older, oldest, outfoxed, outsides, oxen, parks, petting, picking, piglet, piglets, pigpen, pigpens, pinker, pinkest, pinkeye, pipes, playrooms, pleases, pleasing, plugging, prayed, praying, prays, pricking, prickly, rained, rainfall, ratted, ratting, redder, reddest, rider, rooms, rowboat, rowboats, rower, rowers, rowing, shuts, string’s

Pat longs to see Bob.

She shuts her eyes when she prays.

The hunter saw a fox.

He moves in funny ways.

Tom’s hogging all the cake!

Do your homework.

I was hoping I’d get that.

She’s got on a blue jumper.

He parks here each day.

Hand me one of those pens.

I like petting your cat.

She’s picking out a hat.

Keep on keeping on!

The cake has five layers.

Take me to your leader.

I don’t know why she lets him do that.

I got a letter from Jill.

That bad guy lies a lot.

Min lives in that house.

This string’s longer than that one.


The King shouted at his Lords.

She’s a loving cat.

Tom just keeps lucking out.

Ma makes great cakes.

Mark is a manly child.

You might’ve been bit!

We’re moving away from here.

I think I’ll be naming my dog “Tom.”

This room is neater than that one.

Min is nicer than Jin.

Which nights are good for you?

Have the buzzers gone off?

Mom, turn on my nightlight.

Are the playrooms neat?

Pat is older than Jill.

I’ll be praying for you.

Mom longed to be with Dad.

She hopes she can make it.

I’m jumping as high as I can.

Are the movers done with these boxes?


I think I kept that.

Can you layer my hair?

Don’t get in the longest line.

Kim is a lovely child.

I’m marking that down.

Who moved this box?

I have the neatest room in the house.

Where can I buy some nightlights?

Kim is the oldest girl here.

We prayed all night.

Bob outfoxed Tom.

Do you see those four oxen?

Is that Mark Parker?

They live on a houseboat.

It’ll be a rainy day!

That feels prickly!

Jill is a fast rower.

What a small piglet!

Oh no, I have pinkeye!

Please go outside.


Your room’s like a pigpen!

The pipes are stopped up.

It pleases me that you did that.

My shirt is pinker than yours.

Blow off the outsides of those boxes.

They’re playing downstairs.

I’m plugging in the light.

A kingfisher has a big head.

Something in my shirt is pricking me.

She puts her hat on like this.

It rained a lot.

Min runs fast.

Tom ratted on me!

Your car is redder than my dad’s.

She’s a good horse rider.

All the rooms are dark.

She is rowing the boat hard!

That’s an old rowboat!

The houseboats are neatly in a row.

Ma Pig has four piglets.


I don’t like going into pigpens.

I have the pinkest car around.

It has a pleasing look to it.

Come inside now.

Blow out the insides of those boxes.

We played upstairs.

Kingfishers are cool to see.

Mark prays each night.

I pricked my toe on a pin.

We get lots of rainfall here.

I’ll be ratting on Joe for doing that!

That’s the reddest bird I’ve seen.

The horse riders see a fox!

Those rowers are here when the sun comes up.

There are five rowboats you can pick from.


Lesson 72 – Poems and Rhymes
Beatrix Potter’s Favorite

(Many are ones that she wrote herself!)

NEW WORDS: Appley, Dapply, Tabitha, Tiggy, Twitchit, Winkle, Winkle’s, abode, afloat, amiable, apron’s, biscuits, blame, bleach, breakfasts, brushed, buys, buzzing, cheerful, civil, coats, dewy, dines, expressed, fears, footed, frills, gentle, grey, harmless, hatched, heather, herbivorous, herrings, horrible, ironing, kindly, lest, lice, mushrooms, oppressed, peat, peculiarly, raspberry, rusty, sheets, sighing, silently, slated, somebody’s, sporty, spotted, superior, terror, threads, tradesman’s, trots, tubs, weevil, whispering, who’ll, wore, wring

The Monster
There once was a large spotted weevil,
Whose looks were peculiarly evil.
But his looks were to blame,
He was perfectly tame,
Herbivorous, harmless, and civil!


The Mushrooms
Silent we seem,
We stand in a ring,
All day long,
And never do a thing!

But loud we get,
We wake up at night,
We hop and we dance,
In the merry moon-light!


The Amiable Guinea-Pig
There once was an amiable Guinea-pig,
Who brushed back his hair like a fancy wig.
He wore a sweet tie,
As blue as the sky,
And his whiskers and buttons were very big.


Pig Robinson Crusoe
Poor Pig Robinson Crusoe!
Oh, how in the world,
Could they do so?

They have set him afloat,
In a horrible boat,
Oh, poor Pig Robinson Crusoe!


Kitty Butcher
I’m a little “Kitty Butcher,”
With a sporty little cart.

My manners are superior,
And my apron’s clean and smart.

My Billy-goat can trot a race,
With any tradesman’s van.

Then kindly do not call me,
Common “Cat’s-meat Man!”


Busy Buzzing Bumble-Bee
Busy buzzing,
Fill up your honey-bags,
Bring them to me!

Humming and sighing,
With lazy wing,
Where are you flying?
What song do you sing?

Who’ll buy my honey-pots?
Buy them? Who’ll buy?
Sweet heather honey,
Come weigh them and try!

Honey-bag, honey-pot,
Home came she!
Nobody buys,
From a big Bumble Bee!


There Was An Old Snail With A Nest
There was an old snail with a nest,
Who with very great terror expressed,
Lest the wood-lice all ’round,
In the cracks under-ground,
Should eat up her eggs in that nest!

Her days and her nights were oppressed,
But soon all her fears were at rest,
For eleven young snails,
With extremely short tails,
Hatched out of the eggs in that nest.


Mrs. TiggyWinkle’s Ironing Song
Lily-white and clean, oh!
With little frills between, oh!
Smooth and hot,
Red rusty spot,
Never here be seen, oh!


When The Dew Falls Silently
When the dew falls silently,
And stars begin to twinkle,
Underneath the hollow tree,
Peeps poor Tiggy-Winkle.

Where the whispering waters pass,
Her little cans twinkle,
Up and down the dewy grass,
Trots poor Tiggy-Winkle.


Old Mother Goose And Her Flat-Footed Daughter
Old Mother Goose,
And her flat-footed daughter,
Live on a hill,
Near a fine spring of water.

Their greyslated cottage,
Is seen from the road,
Bench, tubs, doorway, chimney,
A cheerful abode.

The peat smoke puffs up,
From the fire as we pass,
See, the blankets and sheets,
Spread to bleach on the grass.

And when the sun shines,
And the west wind blows high,
They’ll wring out their washing,
And hang it to dry.


Appley Dapply
Appley Dapply,
A little brown mouse,
Goes to the cupboard,
In somebody’s house.

In somebody’s cupboard,
There’s everything nice,
Cake, cheese, jam, biscuits,
All charming for mice!

Appley Dapply,
Has little sharp eyes,
And Appley Dapply,
Is SO fond of pies!


Tabitha Twitchit
Tabitha Twitchit,
Is grown so fine,
She lies in bed,
Until half past nine.

She breakfasts on muffins,
And eggs and ham,
And dines on red-herrings,
And raspberry jam!!


Three Little Mice
Three little mice,
Sat down to spin.
Kitty passed by,
And she peeped in.

“What are you at,
My fine little men?”
“We’re making coats,
For gentle-men.”

“Shall I come in,
And cut off your threads?”
“Oh, no! Miss Kitty.
You’d bite off our heads!”

Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 
(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view.)

Kate’s Book

Lesson 73 – Part One

NEW WORDS: Kate, Kate’s, Nan, Spanish, artist, batch, cheered, date, dates, expert, hikes, hundreds, minted, pointing, shimmer, sixteen, skipper, switched, yippee

A Letter from Kate
I’m Kate Skipper, and this is my book! This book tells what I did last summer when I was nine. My mom and dad took me to visit with my Nan. Nan is my mom’s mom. She is an artist, and she has a cabin out in the West.

At the start of my time with Nan, I was sad. It seemed like it would be a boring summer. But in the end, I had a lot of fun. I made this book to tell you all the fun stuff I did last summer. When I finished it, Nan made the art. You have the book we made in your hands. I hope you like it!


In the Cave
When I went to visit with Nan, I was sad. I missed Mom and Dad. But Nan cheered me up and made things fun.

Nan took me on hikes. The land I saw in the West was not at all like the land I am used to. Where I am from, things are green in the summer, and there are lots of trees. Out in the West, there are hills and red rocks, but not a lot of trees. In some spots, you can hike for a mile and not see one tree!

Once, Nan and I were on a hike, when it started to storm. Nan and I went into a cave so that we would not get wet.


As we were standing there, I saw something shimmer in the dark. “Nan,” I said, pointing at the spot, “what’s that?”

“Well,” said Nan, “let’s have a look.”

We looked and saw something stuck in a crack in the rock. I grabbed it. “It’s a coin!” I said.

“Well, I’ll be!” said Nan.

I said, “What sort of coin is it?”

Nan said, “I can’t tell. It looks like it could be made of silver.”

Then she said, “I have a pal, Jack, who is an expert on coins. We can bring it to him tomorrow, and he will tell us what sort of coin it is.” I dropped the coin in my pocket, and we went on with our hike.


The Coin Shop
Nan drove us to the coin shop. The man in the coin shop was a pal of hers. His name was Jack. “Jack,” Nan said, “this is Kate Skipper. I’m Kate’s nan. She’s out here for the summer. We went for a hike, and Kate found a coin in a cave.”

“Well, Miss Skipper,” Jack said, “let’s have a look at it!” I handed him the coin. Jack set it under a looking glass and switched on a lamp. “Let’s see,” he said. “It’s got some scratches on it. But I can tell that it’s a Spanish coin. It’s made of silver, too.”

“When was it made?” asked Nan.

“There’s no date on the coin,” said Jack. “But I’ll bet it dates back to the sixteenhundreds. The Spanish minted a big batch of coins like this one back then.”


“Goodness!” said Nan.

“Is that a long time back in the past?” I asked.

“Yes,” said Jack. “Let me run and fetch my book on Spanish coins.” When Jack came back, he said, “There’s just one thing I need you to tell me, Miss Skipper.”

“What’s that?” I asked.

“Are there a lot of coins like this one in that cave?”

“No,” I said, “we found just this one.”

“That’s a shame,” Jack said.

“Why?” I asked.

“If there were a lot of coins, you and your Nan would be rich!” said Jack. “I could sell a coin like this for three hundred bucks!”

“Three hundred bucks?” said Nan. Jack nodded.

Yippee!” I shouted. “I’m rich!”




Sam The Sneak

Sam the Sneak bought a broom, ate a pear, and went to the moon, swept it clean, did paint it red, came back to Earth, and went to bed.

From Zack And Ann

Dan nods and steps on the gas. Dan zips past a van.

From Nice Thought

I’m sure we should all feel as blest as kings.

From Seth

Then, at last, Pat spots Chip. Chip hid in Pat’s hat and slept.

From The Flop-Flip Kids

They had lots of good cheer. But they did not save up. They spent it all.


He went in to his house. Then they crept to the window. They could hear him from there.

From Boy In The Hay

A calf came out and smelt like a trout, and the young boy would not stay.




Activity 30) CCVCC WORDS: “Short-E” repeated exposure:


I am blest to have really great grandparents.


My friend Brent is on the debate team.


I think Bret’s around here somewhere.


When you learn to read music, you have to understand both the bass and treble clefs.


That doctor knows how to do surgery to repair a cleft palate.


He crept up slowly behind his brother’s back, and then yelled, “BOO!”


That surfer is riding the crest of that big wave.


Mom usually buys Crest toothpaste for us to brush our teeth with.


Gross, there are coffee dregs at the bottom of my cup.


Many early humanoids dwelt in caves.


My older sister frets about the tiniest things.


I’ll make the tartar sauce while mom preps the fish for frying.


I slept very well last night.


It was a hot day, and the athlete smelt of heavy sweat.


I’m pulling together the specs for the next house that we’re going to build.


Spelt flour is made from one of the earliest cultivated forms of wheat.


I think I’m going to spend more time exercising.


I spent last night at a sleepover with Polly.


Could you help me by scraping the snow off of the steps?


I swept out the garage, just like you asked me to.







Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 
(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view.)

Kate’s Book

Lesson 74 – Part Two

NEW WORDS: Bart, Jack’s, Nan’s, badlands, camping, campsite, charged, crime, drawn, dresser, excuse, farming, farmland, gents, granddad, lanterns, legend, munched, offer, offered, outlaw, outlaws, planes, robbed, robber, robbers, robbing, shaped, shared, stagecoach, strongbox, tents, theft, unpack

You Never Can Tell
Jack said that he could sell the coin that I found for three hundred bucks. But I kept it and took it back to Nan’s cabin. We got a snack from the kitchen and then started to chat.

“Can I see the coin?” Nan asked. I stretched out my arm and gave it to her. “If this coin had lips,” Nan said, “what would it tell us? Would it tell us who left it in that cave, and why he or she was there? What magic tale could it tell us?”

“I wish it would,” I said. “What is the legend of this coin?

I stared at the coin for a bit. “Could it be that a robber hid it there?” I asked. “Did they have robbers back then?”

“You bet they did,” said Nan. “But why would the robber hide just one coin? It seems like he would hide a large batch of coins.”

“Perhaps he did not have a large batch,” I said. “Perhaps this was all he stole.”


“If that’s all he stole,” said Nan, “then he was not such a good robber!”

“Nan,” I said, “there’s no such thing as a good robber!” Nan smiled and nodded.

After a bit I said, “If this coin costs three hundred bucks, a robber would feel like he had to hide it.”

“Well,” Nan said . “Spanish coins like this one are rare, so Jack can sell them for a lot of cash. But back when this coin was made, it was not rare. There were a lot of coins just like this one. Back then, this coin was sort of like a dime.”

I took a dime out of my pocket and said, “So if I keep this dime for a long time, until it gets rare, and there are not a lot of them left, will it be a three hundred buck dime?”

“It could happen,” said Nan. “You never can tell!”


The Offer
I was sitting in the kitchen, scratching a large bug bite on my leg, when Nan came in. “I just spoke with Jack,” she said. “He made us an offer.”

“What sort of offer?”

“He offered to take us camping with him and Max.”

“Who is Max?

“Max is nine, like you. Jack is his granddad.”

“What would we do?” I asked.

“Well, we would hike, look at rocks, cook lunch and dinner outside, look at the stars, and sleep in a tent.”

“Gee,” I said, “that sounds like fun! When can we start?”

“Tomorrow morning!” Nan said.


The Campsite
Jack came and picked us up in his truck. We drove to a campsite in the Badlands. “Nan,” I said, “what’s up with that name — the Badlands?”

“Well,” said Nan, “legend has it that a long time back, farmers came out here looking for farmland. When they saw all of the rocks and sand and stone, they said, ‘This is bad land! We can’t plant crops here!’ And the name Badlands just sort of stuck.”

“It’s bad land for farming,” said Jack. “But it’s good land for camping!”

When we got to the campsite, we had to unpack sleeping bags, tents, lanterns, matches, and lots of food. We lugged it all to the campsite. Jack chose a spot to set up camp. Max and I helped set up the tents. It took us a long time. For dinner, we had hot dogs. We stuck them on sticks and held them in the fire. My hot dog got all black because I left it in there too long. Max gave me one of his. That was when I said to myself, “Max is OK!”


Jack’s Tale
After dinner, we munched on some ginger snaps. Then Jack shared an outlaw tale. “This happened out here in the West a long time back,” said Jack, “in an age when there were no cars and no planes. Back then, if you had to send a letter, you sent it by stagecoach. The stagecoach was sort of like a car, but it was drawn by horses. There was a place where men could sit inside. But the man who drove the stagecoach sat outside, up on top.”

“The man who drove the stagecoach kept the strongbox next to him. The strongbox was a locked box where he kept the cash. Sometimes outlaws would rob the stagecoach. Those outlaws were bad men. But there was one who some said was a bit better than the rest. His name was Bart.”

“Bart was a sharp dresser. He did his robbing in a jacket and a black top hat. He had the best manners you ever saw. When he robbed, he did not yell and shout at the men he was robbing. Not Bart! He tipped his hat.”


“Then he said, ‘Excuse me, gents. Would you be so fine as to pass down the strongbox with the cash in it?’”

“No!” said Nan.

“Yes!” said Jack. “It’s not just a legend. It’s a fact. You can look it up!”

“Did they catch him?” Max asked.

“Nope,” said Jack, “he came back and robbed the stagecoach lots of times.”

“Did they ever catch him?” I asked.

“Yes, after a long hunt, they nabbed him. They charged him with theft, and locked him up for a long time. He did his time. Then they let him back out.”

“Then what happened?” I asked.

Jack said, “Bart shaped up in the end. When they let him out, he said he was finished with crime.”

“That’s cool!” said Max.

Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 
(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view.)

Kate’s Book

Lesson 75 – Part Three 

NEW WORDS: Fitch, betting, biggest, charge, clatter, coolest, extinct, flipped, fork, hoisted, hugged, jeepers, lantern, larger, preserved, raccoons, reptile, scram, tests, wiped

The Visit
After telling us the tale, Jack said, “It’s time to pack up the food.” We stuffed the food into a large pack with a rope on it. Jack tossed the rope up into a tree and hoisted the food pack up so that it was hanging ten feet off of the ground.

“Paw-paw,” said Max, “why do we have to keep the food up in the tree?”

“Because it will keep the food safe from foxes and raccoons that would like to snack on it,” Jack said. After that, we crawled into the tents, flipped off our lanterns, and went to sleep. Nan and I slept well, until a loud clatter outside woke us up.

“What was that?” I asked.


“I can’t tell,” said Nan, as she hugged me close to her.

Jack ran outside with his lantern and yelled, “Get out of here! Scram! Get lost!” When we went out, we saw Jack and Max standing there. Jack had his lantern.

“Jack,” Nan asked, “who came to visit?”

“I did not see it,” said Jack, “but I’m betting it was a fox who was looking for some scraps of food . He bumped into the pots and pans. The clatter of the pots and pans must have scared him off.”

“Is that why we hoisted the food pack up in the tree?” Max asked.

“That’s why!” said Jack.


The Hike
The next morning, we went on a hike. After a bit, we stopped for lunch. When Max finished his lunch, he asked, “Can Kate and I look for rocks?”

Jack said, “OK.”

“Kate,” Max said to me, “bring your fork. We can use it to dig up rocks.”

I grabbed my fork, and we went off to look for rocks. Max pointed at a bump on the side of a cliff and said, “Let’s dig that rock out!”

The rock did not look all that large. But when we started digging, we soon saw that it was larger than it had seemed. After a bit, Max said, “Gee! It must be two feet long! We need to keep scratching in order to carve it out of the side of the cliff.”


We went on scratching with our forks. “Let’s tug on it!” Max said. “I bet we can get it out by ourselves.” We grabbed and tugged it. It popped out. But so did a big cloud of sand and dust. Max and I fell down. Once the dust and sand had drifted off, I saw Max standing there with the thing in his hand. “It’s not a rock!” he yelled. “It’s a bone!” It was the biggest bone I had ever seen. It was three feet long!

Jack and Nan came running. “Goodness!” said Nan. “That is one large bone! Where did you get it?” Max pointed to the spot where we found it.

Jack set the bone on the ground. Then he took a picture of the bone and said, “We need to get an expert to look at this bone and tell us what sort of bone it is.”


The Bone Man
The next morning, Jack said, “I just had a chat with a man from Western State College. His name is Ron Fitch, and he is an expert on bones. He has written lots of books. If we bring him the bone, he can tell us what sort of bone it is.”

“He’s a bone man?” asked Max.

“Yep,” said Jack.

We got into the truck. Jack said that I was in charge of the bone. I wrapped it up and set it on my lap. When we got to the college, we gave the bone man the bone. When he saw it, he broke into a big grin. The bone man bent down and said, “I could be wrong, but it looks like you’ve found something big here! I have to do some tests, but I’ll bet this is a bone of a T. Rex.”


“Sweet!” yelled Max.

“What’s a T. Rex?” I asked.

Max looked at me like I was from Mars. “Kate!” he said, “T. Rex is like the coolest, biggest reptile of all time!”

The bone man went and got a book. He pointed to a large picture of a T. Rex. “Jeepers,” I said, “he is big! Why have I never seen a T. Rex like this at the zoo?”

The bone man smiled. So did Nan and Jack. “You can’t see a T. Rex at the zoo,” the bone man said. “They were all wiped out a long time back in the past. The T. Rex is extinct. All that’s left of them today are bones preserved in the ground. And there are not a lot of bones. That’s why it’s such a cool thing that you found this bone preserved in the side of the cliff!”

Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 
(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view.)

Kate’s Book

Lesson 76 – Part Four 

NEW WORDS: Fletcher, Roger, brushes, bummer, charging, cracking, dentists, diggers, expose, helpers, muttered, plaster, progress, scoop, scraped, shoot, solved, sticking, thrilled, wrap, wreck, wrist

Two Good Things and One Bad Thing
The next week, Nan said, “I just spoke with Ron Fitch, the bone man. I’ve got three things to tell you. Two of them are good things that you will like. One is a bad thing that you will not like.”

“Tell me one of the good things,” I said.

“Mister Fitch got the tests back. The bone that you and Max found is a T. Rex bone!”

“Yippee!” I shouted. “I am glad that is solved. Max will be so thrilled that he has a T. Rex bone!”

“Well,” said Nan, “that brings me to the bad thing.”

“What is it?” I asked, scratching my wrist. “The bad thing is that you and Max will not get to keep the bone for yourselves.”

“Why not? Did we do something wrong?”


“Well,” Nan said, “it’s because you found the bone in a State Park. There is a law that says that you can’t dig up bones in state parks and keep them for yourself.”

Bummer!” I said. “So who gets to keep it?”

“The state. Mister Fitch and his helpers will keep the bone and dig up the rest of the bones, too. And that brings me to the last thing.”

“This is a good thing?”


“Tell me!”

“They would like you and Max to visit them when they are digging up the bones. And they would like the two of you to pick out a name for the T. Rex that you found.”

“Cool!” I said.


The Big Dig
When we went back to the cliff, the bone man was there with some helpers. They had scraped the side of the cliff to expose a lot of the T.Rex. “So, will you dig out all of the bones here on site?” asked Nan.

“No,” said the bone man, “the next step will be to carve this cliff into large blocks of rock. Then we will wrap the blocks up in plaster. The plaster will keep the bones from cracking. Then we will use a large crane to set the blocks on trucks. Then the trucks will take them to my lab. Once the blocks are there, we will start digging the bones out of the blocks.”

“What sort of tools do you use for that?” asked Nan.

“We use tools a lot like the ones dentists use on teeth — brushes and sharp picks.”

“Kate and I used forks!” said Max.


“How long will it take to carve all of the bones out of the rocks?” Jack asked.

“Well,” said the bone man, “we’ve got a lot to do. It will take some time, because we have to be careful not to wreck the bones.”

“Will you be finished by the end of the summer?” I asked.

“No,” said the bone man. “You and Max will have to visit next summer, and perhaps the summer after that. Then we can catch up on our digging progress!”

“So,” said the bone man, “have you picked out a name for this T. Rex?”

“Yes, I’ve picked one,” I said. All of the diggers stopped digging and looked at me. I said, “This T. Rex will be named Max, or if you like, T. Max!” All of the men cheered. Max smiled.


The Scoop
After we named the T. Rex, some men came charging up to us. “Can we shoot some film of you for TV?” one of them asked. “It would be a big scoop for us.” Nan and Jack said it was OK.

The men set up a bunch of stuff to shoot the film. Then one of them started counting down from ten. He said, “Three, two, one!” Then he pointed at us. The TV man spoke into a mike. He said, “This is Roger Fletcher. I’m standing here in the Badlands, where two children have found the bones of a T. Rex.”

The man bent down to Max and stuck the mike under his nose. He said, “What’s your name?”

Max looked like he was scared of the mike. He jumped back a bit. Then he muttered, “I’m Max.”


“And you?”

I said, “I’m Kate.” Then I waved.

“Max,” said the man, “where did you spot the bone?”

Max said, “It was sticking out of the side of a cliff.”

“Kate, could you tell it was a bone when you saw it?”

“No,” I said, “it looked like a rock.”

“What did you use to dig it out?”

“We used our forks!” said Max.

“Forks!” said the man. “That’s cool. Could I get a close-up of the two of you with your forks?” Someone ran and got us two forks. We held them up and smiled until the man said, “Cut!” And that was the end of that.

Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 
(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view.)

Kate’s Book

Lesson 77 – Part Five

NEW WORDS: bender, goof, printer, publish, speller, spelling, staff, wishes     

We Are TV Stars
We drove back to Nan’s cabin and got there just in time to see ourselves on TV. The TV man said, “This is Roger Fletcher. I’m standing here in the Badlands, where two children have found the bones of a T. Rex.”

Then Max and I saw ourselves on TV. “Woo-hoo!” I shouted. “We are TV stars!” Then came the part where the TV man asked Max his name, and Max looked like he was scared of the mike.

“Max, you goof!” I said. “Why did you jump back like that?” Max just shrugged.

Next, the TV man asked me my name. I said, “I’m Kate.” Then I waved.

“Max,” said the TV man, “where did you spot the bone?”

Max said, “It was sticking out of the side of a cliff.”

“What did you use to dig it out?”

“We used our forks!” said Max. Then we saw the close-up of Max and me with our forks.

“So there you have it!” said the TV man. “I’m Roger Fletcher, with a tale of two children, two forks, and one large T. Rex!”


Nan’s Book
Max and I and the T. Rex were on TV six times. I was glad when it came to an end. After you smile and wave a fork six times, it gets to be less fun. One morning, Nan handed me a book and said, “Let’s drive to the book shop.”

“Nan,” I said, “why do you need to get a book at the book shop when you have this one?”

“I just finished that one,” Nan said. “I liked it a lot. And it just so happens that the man who wrote it will be at the book shop today. I’d like to meet him.” In the car, I looked at the book. It said “Dust Up, by Stan Bender.”

“What sort of book is this?” I asked.

“It’s a western,” said Nan.

“What’s a western?”


“It’s a book set out here in the West.”

“Is there an outlaw in the book like Bart?”

“There’s an outlaw,” said Nan, “but he’s not like Bart.”

“Why not?”

“He has bad manners!” said Nan.

I looked at the last page and saw the page number: 305. “Yikes!” I said. “This is a long book!”

“It is,” said Nan. “But it felt short to me because I liked it so much. I was sad when I got to the end!” I started to look inside the book, but just then Nan said, “Here we are!”


The Book Shop
In the book shop, there was a big stack of books. Next to the books sat Stan Bender, the man who wrote the books. He had a pen in his hand, and a big smile on his lips. “You’d smile, too, if your book was selling as well as his is!” Nan said.

Nan and I went and stood in line to meet Stan Bender. Nan shook hands with him and said, “I’ve got twelve of your books. This one was your best book yet!”

The man smiled and said, “That’s sweet of you! I hope you will pick up my next one, too!”

“I will!” said Nan.

Then the man wrote, “Best wishes, Stan Bender,” in Nan’s book.

“Mister Bender,” I asked, “how hard was it to write that book?”


“Well,” he said, “this one was not all that hard. The last one I did was a lot harder.”

As we got back in the car, I said, “Nan, I’d like to write a book.”

“What sort of book would it be?” Nan asked. “Well,” I said, “Max and I found the T. Rex.”

“Yes, you did,” said Nan.

“And you and I found that coin.”

“Yes,” said Nan.

“And we are out here in the West.”


“So it could be a bones and coins and western sort of book.”

“Why not?” said Nan. “If you write it, I will make the pictures.”

I said, “Shake on it!” Then we shook hands.


We Make a Book
When we got back to Nan’s, I started to write the book. I wrote down all of the cool stuff that happened to me out West. The hardest part was getting started. Once I got started, it went fast. Nan helped me pick out good words. Sometimes when you write, you have to write things two or three times to get all of the best words, and get them in the best order.

Max helped me out, too. He said, “I can help you with spelling. I am the best speller in my class.” Max looked at what I had written and fixed a lot of spelling mistakes that I had made. When I had written the words, Nan got out her brush and started to make the art. It took her a long time. She sent the pictures to me three weeks after I went home.

My dad took me and my book to a pal of his, to see if he would publish the book. The man looked at it and said, “This is well-written! Children out there will like this book. I’d like to print it!”

I was so glad, I shouted, “Yippee!” The man and his staff got the book all set to publish. Then they sent it to a printer.





From Big

Now I can catch and throw a ball, and spell CAT, DOG, and PIG.

From My Nose

It does not breathe. It does not smell. It does not feel at all quite well.

From Five Chicks

One jumps, one pecks, one sings, “Cheep!”

From Cats And Dogs

For dogs chase cats, and cats chase rats. I guess they think it’s fun.

From Cold Snow

What can be done? Let’s all throw ’round some crumbs of bread.

From Zack And Ann

Ann went to Gwen’s Dress Shop. The shop had a red dress.

From Two Bad Mice

Now the mice were out of their minds. Each one’s face was red. Sweat came down their heads.

From The Flop-Flip Kids

Then they heard foot steps! Uh, oh! Mr. Gregg. He did not see them.

From Snap Shots

The cat can smell the fish. It can press on the glass.

From Peter Rabbit

Of course, that makes sense. He had been scared all day! And he had run a LOT!



Activity 31) OTHER C&V WORDS: “Short-E” repeated exposure, also including silent letters:


My sister was the “belle of the ball” at this year’s prom.


Belle Starr was a famous female outlaw who was often associated with Frank and Jesse James.


I was not dealt one good hand of cards in tonight’s bridge game.


The pirate captain yelled, “Swab the decks, mateys!”


Dad was pleased when Mom said that she’d paid off all of our credit card debts.


The customer service rep said, “I’d be happy to delve into your complaint, ma’am.”


On this brutally hot summer day, the air will be dense and smoggy.


Mardi Gras is one of the biggest fetes in America.


The wizard hexed his opponent and left him powerless.


Dad just about kecks every time he has to change the baby’s diaper.


The teacher leant over to look at the student’s colorful drawing.


The pro leapt up high and slam-dunked the basketball.


You do understand what I meant, I hope.


That woodpecker pecks at the tree very loudly.


Cinderella was the most beautiful young lady in the realm of the king.


That guy seems really book-smart, but he doesn’t seem to have much common sense.


What verb tense should I use in this sentence?


We were completely vexed at how the magician pulled off his tricks.


Yecch, what is that awful rotten egg smell coming from?


Our minister is going to bless the congregation’s pets today.


I think I want my turkey sandwich on rye bread today.


My favorite dessert is creme brulee.


To spice the salad up a bit, I’m adding some pungent cress.


I dread having to take that science test on Friday.


Honey, you need to stop hoarding and it’s time for you to throw out all that dreck of yours in the basement.







Stories Misc

The Early Adventures of Redd, the Eventual Downtown Cat   

Lesson 78 – Part One

NEW WORDS: Egypt, Mick, Redd, Redd’s, adventures, advice, altercation, amusing, apex, beaten, chatted, chestnut, classes, companion, conjures, downtown, dwelling, enjoyed, eventual, exhibit, fantastic, feline, growth, ideal, loads, math, meowing, mindset, nearby, numbers, overflowing, owner, quench, rainforest, removing, resides, risen, rumors, simply, smelly, soggy, spend, superb, tabby, teamwork, thirst, tummies, uber, ugly, urban, weighs

Redd is from the big city. His urban dwelling is downtown. That’s not where he started his life! But that’s where his life is now. And he loves being there!

He resides at Main and Market streets. That’s in Louisville, Kentucky. (That’s the home of the Kentucky Derby!) He loves fish. Any kind of fish! But he hates one thing about them. Removing the bones is a real pain.

Redd is a tabby with dark chestnut fur. He’s quite big. He weighs twelve pounds! And he’s five years old.

He likes to play. He finds amusing things in trash cans. He conjures up cool games with them.

Redd has loads of friends. His best buddy is his brother. He’s named “Tex.” Tex is older. And we hate to tell you this. But Tex is a bit “beaten up.”

It happened two years ago. He got in an altercation with a dog. He thinks the dog was a boxer. Poor Tex lost one eye. So, he is pretty ugly to look at. The eye has become white. And it’s also half-closed.


But Tex is a joyful cat. He doesn’t let his bad eye get him down. He tells great jokes and riddles. He makes folks laugh. He has a growth mindset!

Another companion is Mick. This feline is uber-smart. When Redd needs help, he runs to see Mick. Mick gives superb advice. And he’s a fantastic teacher.

How does Mick know so much? It’s because he once lived in a school. He liked to sit in the classes with the children! He liked math the best. He can now add numbers very well. He keeps a count of all the mice he has chased in the last five years. He thinks that he’s run after close to fifty of them!

Redd’s friends are his family. Most days, they spend a bunch of time together. And they exhibit great teamwork when hunting for food.

Last night was an ideal example. They waited at the back of a store. The owner came out the back door. He had to throw out some fish. They were getting a bit old for people to eat them. But they were still fine for cats! They like smelly fish!


All the friends enjoyed this feast. They went home with full tummies. Redd ate a whole trout! It was one of his best meals ever. “Yummy!” he kept meowing.

The next morning came. The sun had risen. And it was a fine day. Redd had some milk to drink. (A nice lady puts a bowl out for him each day.) He sat down to clean his fur. Mick came over. They both said “hi.” They gave each other a high-five. They chatted for a while. What would they accomplish during the day?

Mick had heard rumors about Redd’s first year of life. It wasn’t like most cats’ first year! He asked Redd to tell him that story. Redd was pleased to say, “yes.”

Redd the cat was born in a rainforest! He did not like all the rain. But that’s just the way it was. Water was all around you. 

Water was at the apex of the trees. The ground was always soggy. The lake near him was always full. The nearby river was nearly overflowing. And that was a big river. As big as the Nile, in Egypt!  

It was simply wet all year long. There was one good thing about that. Redd could always quench his thirst. Water was easy to find!

Stories Misc

The Early Adventures of Redd, the Eventual Downtown Cat    

Lesson 79 – Part Two

NEW WORDS: arrive, awaiting, bachelor’s, bigwig, bizarre, buddies, camps, choices, conversation, creature, curious, cushy, experiences, gushed, gym, haul, honored, humorous, instance, intriguing, invited, journey, lasted, leathery, lounge, marvelous, okay, painted, polite, puked, responded, ribbit, soundly, surprising, toucan, traveled, trek, tunes, twice, views, violet, yowled

Redd did not dwell in a house there. He lived in the body of a big tree! It was cooler in there. The room was big and clean. And he liked to lounge about and hear the rain fall. 

He had modern art on the walls. So, the room was interesting. He had a big window, too. He had good views of the moon. He slept soundly in his cushy bed each night.

Redd had lots of buddies there, too. Bob the Toucan visited each Friday. He’d arrive in the morning. He’d sing great music to Redd. Redd liked to dance to the tunes!

Bob brought a new food for Redd last Friday. It was a prickly pear. Redd took a big bite. Then he spit it out! “Bob, that’s too sour and tart! That’s not a cat-friendly food!”

Redd did not understand how birds ate what they did! Redd had some bird-seed once. Later that day, he got REALLY sick. He puked it all up! He said, “Bob, I’m going to stick to fish, thank you!”


One week, Redd traveled to meet a friend of Bob’s. He was named John. There were no trains in the rainforest. So, it was a long walk. The trip lasted three days! But it was worth it. He had a marvelous time with John the Bear!

John’s home was in a cave. He had set it up well. It was a great bachelor’s pad! It had a T.V. and a small gym. There were colorful pictures on the walls. And there was a wonderful smell of honey in the air!

John was quite humorous. He liked “human food.” So, he would watch their camps. He’d sneak in while the people were out walking. He’d bring back quite a haul! So, Redd got to try more new foods!

There were many new choices. Redd tried cookies, eggs, corn, and milk. 

He jumped for joy after he tried the milk. It was as good as fish! He did have to use a bowl to drink it out of. But that was okay. He said, “Please John. May I have some more? Thank you very much!”


Redd was happy that week-end. He knew that he’d made a new friend. John said, “why don’t you come to see me every three months?”

Redd didn’t think twice. “Yes!” he yowled. They said, “good bye.” Redd started back on his long trek home.

The second day of his journey back was surprising. He heard a really weird noise. It was about noon. He’d never heard that noise! He had to know what it was!

He followed the sound. Soon, he came to a door. It was another tree home. It was much like his own. But the door was painted bright violet. That was bold! A sign said, “Fred the Frog.”

Remember, Redd was still really young. He had many new experiences awaiting him. For instance, he did not yet know what “Frog” meant!

All at once, the door flew open. Out walked an old creature. He had dark green, leathery skin.


Redd began a conversation. “Good day, sir. I heard a bizarre sound. Did you make that intriguing noise?”

Fred said, “You mean this one?” Then he opened his mouth wide. Out came a deep, loud, “RIBBIT!”

Redd screeched, “That’s it! That is WAY COOL! I can’t make that kind of noise.”

Fred responded. “Why, thank you. I like to make extremely loud frog noises. That’s to keep the other frogs around here on alert. I make sure they know that I’M the king. And they are NOT!”

Redd gushed. “Wow! I am so honored to meet you. You must be quite a bigwig! My name is Redd.”

They both talked a while. Redd told Fred that he’d never seen a frog. Fred told Redd that he’d never seen a cat. Fred was very polite. But more than that, he was curious about cats. He invited Redd to spend two nights with him. Redd was about to make another dear friend!


Lesson 80 – Space Hawk: Story Keeper

NEW WORDS: Dr., amounts, apartment, bead, building, bungalow, cabin, chimes, condo, cottage, curled, dismal, dorm, dormitory, dreadful, finished, fixes, gobs, habitation, household, instrument, keeper, languages, least, lodging, longest, meaning, mega, messes, miserable, misses, organ, palace, pathetic, piles, pitiful, questioned, residence, servings, share, shelter, stories, stream, synonyms, ton, tons, tune, wilder, wretched, writes

Dr. Gregg Brown is in our crew. He’s a word nut. And a great guy! Kind. Caring. Friendly. Funny. We love “Doc Syn.”

Why that name? “Doc Syn?” He’s smart with languages. SCARY smart! We need his help! All the time. Some times, our “TALKER” messes up with Alien words. He fixes that. At least most times.

He also writes our stories. He writes better than we can. His stories show what we are learning! He never misses a thing. He uses cool words. And his tales are fun to read.

So. Here’s why he’s “Doc Syn.” He says a word. Then he yells out a bunch more. “Synonyms!” More words that mean the same as the first word. Or close in meaning. “Syn” is short for “synonyms.”


The first time I heard him, it was crazy! World K666. He said, “These people eat a TON of food. Each day! TONS! LOTS! PILES! GOBS! HUGE AMOUNTS! LARGE SERVINGS! MEGA-POUNDS! MOUNTAINS! BOAT LOADS!”


His brain is always going. Words just fly out. He can’t help it. I questioned him. “Doc Syn. Why do you do that?”

His mouth curled into a wide grin. “Well. I love words. I’m a nut case. And English has so many choices!”

I asked, “What is your longest stream?”

His smile got bigger. “This happens here and there. I shout out more than twenty synonyms! In a row!”


“No way!” I said. “Is it hard?”

He said, “No! Not at all. Not for me. Look! Each person has gifts. One. Two. Three. Maybe more. Words are my gift. That’s just me! ‘Doc Syn’ fits my gifts. I know YOUR gift, Chuck. Music. Right?”

I agreed. He kept on. “Poor me. I can’t keep a tune. I can’t play an instrument. SAD! SORRY! PITIFUL! DREADFUL! DISMAL! PATHETIC! MISERABLE! WRETCHED! I stink at music!” I laughed loudly. “Music is not my gift. But you pick up even Alien music fast. Good for you!”

I said, “Thanks Doc. That means a lot. And back at you! I learn so many new words from YOU! Keep it up!”

Doc said, “That’s a sure thing. I can’t help it.”

I finished our talk. “Doc. You put me in a music mood. I’ll go practice. Hmm. The colored-rocks-organ from C121? Or the crystal-beadchimes from P007?”



Lesson 81 – Space Hawk: No Pets!

NEW WORDS: Guinea, Holly’s, barns, buffalo, confused, donkey, explained, faces, flight, form, forms, goose, hamster, hedgehog, hooray, humanoids, iguana, kidding, landing, laps, mammals, mod, orbit, parrot, planet, reptiles, showing, solar, system, useless

Hi there, Chuck here (NOT CHUCK-CHUCK!) Hooray, we got to the blue giant star! You know, that’s where Max said to go.

He had said, “Let’s check out this solar system. Any worlds? Any life? I hope we find some Aliens to meet!”

We found nine worlds, one with human-like life. There’s a big word for human-like life: “Humanoids!” We went into orbit, and we talked to them. They said, “Come on down.” They wanted to meet us, and we wanted to meet them. We called the planet World Q333. We flew down in the MOD (more on the MOD later!) It was an easy flight with a smooth landing.

Doc Syn is our best talker. Of course, he came with us. He asked the Aliens about THEIR pets. They got funny looks on their faces. “Pets?” they asked. “What are pets?”


Doc explained. “You know, little animals. They aren’t human. They live with you, and you play with them. They are fun, and they bring you joy.”

The Aliens looked confused, so they talked to us. “We do not know about that. There’s nothing like that here.”

Doc asked more questions. “Do you have any animals? They’re not human. Do you have any bugs? They’re also not human.”

The TALKER was working, but these words meant nothing to the Aliens. This is where we needed Doc Syn! Doc said, “We have many life forms. Humans are only one kind of life form. Do you have other life forms?”

Their people answered, “We don’t know ‘other life forms.’ What does that mean? There are only humans here. Show us what’s on Earth!!”

This was wild, because Q333 had only humans! No bugs, no reptiles, no mammals. No birds, no fish, just humans! Doc said, “Let’s show them a bunch of Earth life forms. Boot up HOLLY!”


Doc said, “HOLLY. Farm animals.” The show began. “This is a pig. A cow. A horse. A goose. A sheep. A goat. An ox. A hog. A mule. A donkey. A pony. A buffalo.”

The Aliens loved HOLLY’s show! They laughed. “What is behind their legs?”

Doc explained “tails.” The Aliens laughed! They said, “You must be kidding! What good is a tail? It looks useless to us!” We didn’t have a good answer for them!

Then they asked more. “Are these farm animals your ‘pets’?”

Doc said, “Not really. These stay outside. And in barns. Pets are in our houses. HOLLY! Start showing pets. Here is a cat. A dog. A hamster. A guinea pig. An iguana. A hedgehog. A parrot. Show them sleeping with us. Show them in our laps.”

The Aliens could not believe this. They liked the idea. But they kept laughing. “Your world is funny to us. But we love to learn, just like you! Show us more ‘life forms.'”




From I Saw A Ship A-Sailing

The four-and-twenty sailors that stood between the decks, were four-and-twenty white mice, with chains about their necks.

From The Man Of Bombay 

When a bird called a snipe flew away with his pipe, that vexed the fat man of Bombay.

From Gran

“What a swell duck!” said Fuzz. “And what a swell plane ride!”

From May-Belle Milks The Cow

Tick-tock, five o’clock! May-Belle milks the cow.

From Scott

The kite zips up. It rides on the wind. It shines in the sun. The wind lifts it up till it is just a speck.

From The Lion And The Mouse

The lion meant to eat the mouse. But the wee mouse cried out. “Please set me free.”

I See The Moon

I see the moon, and the moon sees me. God bless the moon, and God bless me.

From The Five Senses

The odor molecules go up his nose. Then he smells the scent of coffee.

From What A Golf Round

He found the ball. He used a club to pull the ball close to water’s edge. He knelt to pick it up.



Activity 31) OTHER C&V WORDS: “Short-E” repeated exposure, also including silent letters … continued:


Should I wear a floral print or a solid color dress to the party?


You can’t dwell on mistakes that you’ve made, and you have to move on with your life.


The Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812 between the U.S. and Great Britain.


John Glenn was a famous astronaut and a U.S. Senator.


Our biology teacher, Mrs. Gregg, had us dissect a frog today.


I bet that you can’t guess what I’m holding behind my back!


I need to change the sheets on the beds in the guest room.


The candidate’s stream of boorish comments was the death knell for his campaign.


The elderly lady knelt at the alter to offer up a silent prayer.


The Congresswoman was interviewed thihs morning on Meet The Press.


To my nose, that awful perfume has a cloying over-sweet scent to it.


I’m afraid that awful smell is coming from your shoes.


I hate it when there’s even one speck of dust on my computer screen.


The Corporate Operating Officer came to the event in the Chairman’s stead.


Did you know that the reason you sweat is to try to cool down your skin temperature?


That’s swell of you to invite me to your birthday party.


The tread on your car’s tires is getting dangerously low.


A whelk is a type of sea snail that is actually edible.


The mama kitty and her whelp keep me company these days.


I hope this movie trailer whets Dad’s appetite for the next Avengers film.


Okay, son, drive VERY carefully and don’t wreck our car!


The boy was able to wrest his toy back from the bully who took it from him.  






Lesson 82 – Pattern-Builder Poems

NEW WORDS: Casey, Crissy, Dag, Gracie, Graham, Lacey, Lance, Macy, Missy, Missy’s, Stacey, Stacey’s, Tracy, Vance, advance, bled, brag, chance, clam, cleaned, crazies, drab, enhanced, fig, flab, glance, hissy, jab, kissy, lab, lamb, ma’am, mint, nab, nag, outdance, pinched, prance, prissy, racy, rag, ragtag, romance, sag, sassy, scab, seat, sis, sissy, snag, soiled, spacey, spam, stab, stag, stance, tag, trance, wag, wham, yam

Jam On Ham And Lamb
I am Sam.
I love jam, on my ham.
Fig jam.
And on my lamb?
Mint jam.
Think I’m nuts?
Well, yes, I am!
Do you know Pam?
Or Graham?
They like jam on a yam.
Worse, they like jam on a clam!
And it gets worse than that!
They like to wham jam on their Spam!!
YUCK! No ma’am!
For me, just jam on ham and lamb.
It’s as good as a grand slam!


Crab In A Cab
My dad took a cab,
To go to his drab work lab.
He sat in the seat,
And he felt a jab.
No! More like a stab!
“OUCH!” yelled he.
“I sat on a crab!”
It went under the front seat.
“I’ll nab that crab!”
But when he went to grab the crab,
It pinched him where he had some flab,
So he bled a bit,
And now he’ll have a scab!


Rag In A Bag
“Hi there, friend Dag,
What’s in that bag?”
“A quite soiled rag!
Of this, I can’t brag.
It cleaned an old nag.
If your dog smells it, he’ll gag.
He’ll run to that flag,
He’ll zig, and he’ll zag,
He’ll run as fast as a stag.
His long tail will sag,
On the ground, it will drag,
For hours, not a wag!
AND, he won’t play tag.
So, your dog you should snag,
Take him far from here,
And keep him quite, quite clear,
From my ragged, ragtag, rag in a bag.”


The Crazies
I know Lacey,
Her sis is Tracy,
One aunt’s Gracie,
One aunt’s Stacey,
Stacey’s kind of spacey,
Her son is Casey,
Their last name’s Macy,
Their jokes are racy,
They’re all kind of crazy.
Their best friend is Crissy,
She often has a hissy,
She calls her cat “Missy,”
Missy’s kind of prissy,
Gets all kissy-kissy,
Is also kind of sissy,
And some times a bit sassy!


A Dance Romance
Just by chance,
I got a glance,
In advance,
Of two men at a dance.
Both are from France.
One is named Lance.
His brother’s named Vance.
They take a good stance,
And then they prance,
They put me in a trance,
Their dance is so enhanced.
I can’t outdance either of them.
Maybe I shall romance one of them!


Lesson 83 – 3-Letter Vocab-Builder

NEW WORDS: Al, Alf, Ali, Amy, Ava, Bea, Bec, Bev, Cal, Del, Dom, Edy, Eli, German, Reg, Ron, Roy, Roz, Sol, Stu, Tal, Tye, Uma, Val, Vin, Viv, Wim, ads, aha, aim, ape, aw, bah, bap, beg, bin, bop, brr, cob, hoping, oat, ohh, pee, rah, ram, raw, ref, rib, rob, sec, sex, sh, shh, sip, ski, sub, sum, tab, tap, toss, ugh, war, won, woo, ya, yay, yea, yeh, yip, yo

The horse ate each oat in this bag.

Give me that rag with the oil can.

Ohh, that is SO cool!

What do I owe you?

You don’t need to pay me.

You’re such a sweet pea!

Mom, I’ve got to pee!

Yum, that was the best pie!

Rah, Rah, Go Team!

A ram is a man-sheep.

Don’t eat that raw!

Good, a ray of sun!

That ref made a bad call!

Should we name the dog Reg or Rex?

The boxer was hit hard in a rib.

The ball came off the rim.

Don’t rip my shirt!

Rob let the fish rot in his car.

I need to rub that pen mark off my hand.

That shirt is too big and will sag on me.


I’ll be there in just a sec.

What sex is this baby cat?

Sh, I don’t want you to say a thing.

I’ll have a sip of tea.

Hi Sis, how are you doing?

I’m hoping for snow, so we can go to ski.

I know you’re sad, but please don’t sob.

A nice man was our sub in class today.

Vin, what is the sum of two and six?

Close that tab on your computer.

I feel a tad bit sick, Viv.

I know a German guy named “Wim.”

Tag, you’re it!

Tap your foot to the beat.

Watch out for that wet tar on the road.

That weighs a ton!

That’s a sweet tot.

Let’s play tug of war.

Ugh, I just can’t do this right.

Uh, I don’t know what you mean.


Ron, wad that up and toss it out.

Why won’t he wag his tail?

I have wax in my ear, Roy.

That is a cool spider web.

Roz, do you think we can win?

Can I have a yam to eat tonight?

All that dog does is yap, yap, yap!

Yay, you did it, Sid!

Yeh, I bought a new car.

Yo, how ya‘ doing, Sol?

Ben likes looking at ads for cars.

Stu says, “Bah, hum-bug!” when he’s mad.

Are you going to bop me on the head?

Shh, let Tal sing her song.

Um, I shouldn’t have said that, Tex.

Woo-Hoo, that’s great that you wonTye!

Yea, you got the job, Uma!

Why does your dog yip so much, Val?

Abe, here’s an ad for a boxer pup.

Alf, can you add two and four?


What’s your age, Amy?

Yup, Ava did a great job, all right.

Look Bea, I knew that long ago.

Aha, there it is, Bec!

Aim straight, Ali!

Al saw a bear cub.

Look Bev, there’s an ape climbing a tree.

Bud has a hairy arm.

Her art work makes me laugh.

Hey Cal, we have an ash tree.

Aw, don’t get mad, Dag!

Dom, don’t bap me on the head!

Dad’s at the bar, with Del.

I beg you not to do that, Edy.

Aunt Em said, “Put this corn cob in the bin.”

Brr, it’s cold out here, Eli!


Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 
(Review guidelines for publishing Core Knowledge (R) materials at the bottom of this page-view.)

The Job Hunt 

Lesson 84 – Part One

NEW WORDS: Bronx, Brooklyn, Frisbee, Gunter, Kurt, Kurt’s, Lynn, Sheryl, bikes, burst, drummer’s, drummers, fare, fuss, glanced, hesitated, nineteen, opening, prospect, shorts, slacks, slapped, soccer, stooped, subway, sweeping, tigers, waving

It was morning. Kurt Gunter was in the kitchen with his big sister, Kim. Kurt placed some butter on his toast. Kim glanced at the paper and ate some toast. Kurt was seven. His sister Kim was nineteen. She was home from college for the summer. “What are you doing?” Kurt asked.

“I’m looking in today’s paper at the Job Opening ads,” Kim said.


“I need a summer job,” Kim explained.

“Why do you need a job?”

“So I can make some cash.”

“What will you do with your cash?” asked Kurt.

“I’ll save most of it,” said Kim. “But I’ll spend some on things I need, like clothing. And I would like to get a bike.”


“You can get a bike if you get a job?”


Kurt sat thinking of how much fun it would be to ride bikes with Kim. “Cool! So, what sort of job will you get?” Kurt asked.

“I can’t tell. That’s why I’m looking at the paper.”

Kurt ate some toast. Then he asked, “Should I get a job, too?”

Kim smiled. “You are just seven,” she said. “You don’t need to get a job yet. You should be having fun.”

“But I would like one!” Kurt wailed.

“I’ll tell you what,” Kim said. “You can help me look for a job. If you see a job you like, then you can get that job when you are my age.”


“That sounds good!” Kurt said. When she finished reading the ads, Kim went and got dressed. She dressed in her best slacks and a crisp white shirt. “Why are you all dressed up?” asked Kurt.

“It helps to dress up when you go looking for a job,” Kim explained.

“Should I dress up, too?”

“Just slip on a pair of nice shorts,” she told him.

Kurt ran off and got a pair of shorts. “Would you say this pair of shorts is nice?” he asked.

“Those will do,” said Kim. Then Kim went to see her mom.

“All set for the job hunt?” Mrs. Gunter asked with a smile. Kim nodded.

“You look nice. Did you check to see if it will rain?”


“It’s not going to rain, but it’s going to be hot.”

“Okay. Here’s a fare card for the subway,” said Mrs. Gunter. “And here’s some cash to pay for lunch and snacks. Call me if there’s a problem.”

“Thanks, Mom,” Kim said.

Kurt burst into the room. “Mom, I’m going to get a job, too!” he shouted.

Mrs. Gunter said, “Your job is first to do what Kim says and then to be good while she looks for a job.”

“Yes, Mom,” said Kurt.

Then Mrs. Gunter spoke to Kim. “Keep your chin up. Use your best manners. Smile. And let them see how smart you are. That will help you get a job.”

As they went out, Kurt asked, “Where are we going?”

Kim said, “Just stay with me.”


Kim took Kurt by the hand and the two of them set off so that Kim could look for a job. It was a summer morning in Brooklyn. There were lots of cars on the streets. There were people walking here and there. A man was sweeping the street outside his shop.

Kim and Kurt walked until they got to Prospect Park. Kurt looked into the park as they went past. He saw people playing Frisbee. He saw people on bikes. He saw a man playing fetch with his dog. He saw soccer players on their way to a game. He saw runners on their way to the gym.

“Can we stop and play?” asked Kurt.

“No,” Kim said. “I have to get a job.”

Kurt slumped a bit to let Kim see that he was sad, but he kept walking. “Kim,” he said after a bit, “will having a job make you a grown-up?”

“Well, sort of,” said Kim. “I’m in college. I think that makes me part kid and part grown-up.”

“Will you still have time to play with me?”

“Yes!” Kim said, rubbing Kurt’s arm. “We will have lots of time to play. I’ll get a part-time job, one that is not too hard. That way, I will not be too tired when I get home. Then we can play.”


“You should get a job at the Bronx Zoo!” Kurt said. “Then you can play with the snakes and tigers.”

Kim said. “I don’t think so. I don’t like snakes. But we can visit the zoo later this summer. After I get a job, I will have cash to do fun things like that.” Just then Kim saw two old pals waving at her. “Lynn!” she yelled. “Sheryl! What’s up?”

Lynn and Sheryl crossed the street. “Hi, Kim!” said Lynn. “Are you home from college for the summer?”

“Yes,” said Kim. “It’s good to be back here in Brooklyn!” Kim slapped hands with her pals. Then she said, “You two have met Kurt, haven’t you?”

Lynn and Sheryl nodded. Lynn stooped down to look at Kurt and said, “Hi, big man! Would you like to come with us? We are going over to Drummer’s Grove to see the drummers.”

“Drummer’s Grove?” Kurt said. “Can we go, Kim? Can we? Can we? Can we?” Kim hesitated. She needed to get started on her job hunt. But she wanted Kurt to have fun, too. If she dragged him off without seeing the drummers, there was a chance he would get mad and fuss all day. That would not be much fun.

“Okay,” she said at last. “But just for a bit. I need to get started with my job hunt.”


Core Knowledge (R) Independent Reading 
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The Job Hunt   

Lesson 85 – Part Two 

NEW WORDS: Dwight, Dwight’s, bongo, bulb, chatting, drumming, gulp, hiring, honking, jackhammer, lamps, poster, pounded, pounding, price, sells, shifting, shouting, soaking, systems, taken, traffic, voices

Drummer’s Grove
Brooklyn was home to all kinds of sounds. Kim and Kurt were used to lots of them. There were the sounds of traffic. Cars and trucks and buses went zipping by all the time, honking their horns and playing loud music on their sound systems.

There were also the sounds of voices — people shouting and chatting and singing. There were dogs barking, and even the sounds of tools that people used as part of their jobs — like a jackhammer digging a hole in the street.

This day, Kim and Kurt were soaking up the sounds in Drummer’s Grove with Kim’s pals, Lynn and Sheryl. Drummer’s Grove is a place in Prospect Park where people gather to play drums. Some of them play steel drums. Some play bongo drums. Some of them hit the drums with sticks. Some of them slap the drums with their bare hands.

Kurt liked the sounds in Drummer’s Grove. He jumped up and down and did a dance. Kim, Lynn, and Sheryl all smiled.


“Is drumming a job?” Kurt asked Kim.

“It is for some people,” Kim said. “But here I think they drum just for fun.”

“I can see why,” Kurt said. “It looks like a lot of fun!”

“Would you like to take a shot at it?” Lynn asked.

“Do you think they would let me play?” asked Kurt.

“You won’t know unless you ask,” said Kim. “All they can say is no.”

Kurt jumped at the chance. He went up to a drummer, pointed at his drum and said, “Would you mind if I took a turn to play?” The drummer was kind and let Kurt have a chance. Kurt pounded on the drum and tapped his foot like he was going wild! He did his best to keep up with the rest of the drummers. He liked drumming. He got the hang of it fast. But soon he felt pain in his hands from pounding so much.


“Thanks,” Kurt told the man as he gave him back the drum, “but you had better take the drum back. It’s hard on my hands.”

“If you do it a lot, your hands will get used to it,” the drummer told him.

Kurt went back to where Kim, Lynn, and Sheryl were standing. “You are a good drummer,” Lynn told him.

“Tell Kim to get you a drum as a gift after she gets a job!” said Sheryl.

“If we don’t get going soon, I’ll never find a job!” said Kim. “Let’s go, Kurt.”

“Good luck with your job hunt,” Lynn said.

“See you later!” Kim said. She waved to Lynn and Sheryl. Kurt waved to the drummers.


Dwight’s Lights
Kim and Kurt walked down the street. Kurt stopped to look at a poster. Kim yanked on his arm. “Let’s go,” she said. “We can’t stop till I find myself a job!”

Kim spotted the poster. It was hanging in a shop named Dwight’s Lights. In big, bold letters, it said “Dwight is hiring!” Kim led Kurt into the shop. Inside the shop there were hundreds of lights and lamps. And all of them were on.

“Yikes,” said Kurt, “it’s bright in here!”

Just then a man came charging up. He had a big smile and a necktie with a light bulb on it. He started shouting at Kim and Kurt. “Yes!” said the man. “It’s bright at Dwight’s Lights! In fact, it’s never night at Dwight’s Lights! Dwight likes it bright! I’m Dwight! Yes, I am the Man of Light! Dwight’s got big lights! Dwight’s got small lights! Dwight’s got tall lights! Dwight’s got short lights! Dwight’s got bright lights and brighter lights! Dwight’s got lights that shut off when you clap your hands! Dwight sells all kinds of light — except sunlight. Har, har, har!”


The man seemed to think this was the best joke of all time. But still he did not stop shouting. “Yes, Dwight’s lights are out of sight. And Dwight’s price is without fail the right price! So don’t think twice! Get a light at Dwight’s! Yes, Miss, if you need a lamp or a light for your dorm room, you came to the right place! It’s Dwight’s place!” At last, the man stopped for a gulp of air.

“Um,” said Kim. “I don’t need a light. I just need a job. I saw the poster outside. Are you still hiring?”

When Kim said, “I don’t need a light,” the man’s face fell and he let out a sigh.

“Job?” he said, shifting into a quiet voice. “We filled the job. Is the poster still up?” He looked at the poster. “We should have taken this poster down,” he said. “The job opening was filled last week.” Then he walked off.

Kim and Kurt went back out. “Kim,” said Kurt, “Dwight was an odd man.”

“Indeed, he was,” said Kim.

Kurt did a bit of thinking. Then he said, “I think perhaps it’s best that you did not get that job.”

“I think you might be right,” said Kim.




From Zack And Ann

The bad crab snaps at Dad. Dad lifts up his legs.

From Two Bad Mice

Their eyes popped out. Their paws were bunched like fists. They screamed.

From Sam

The kids will print till class ends. Then the bell will ring.


Sam’s mom hands him his pack. Sam slips the pack on his back.

From Birthdays

Think of all the gifts you’d get, and all the songs you’d hear.

From May-Belle Milks The Cow

May-Belle milks as fast as she can, as fast as she can, can, can.


From The Evening Is Coming   

The evening is coming. The sun sinks to rest.




Activity 32) CVCCC WORDS: “Short-I” repeated exposure:


I bet that he bilks the government and doesn’t pay all the taxes that he should pay.


Don’t forget to grab those compact discs to listen to in the car on our trip.


In early computers, we had to store data on “floppy disks,” not on flash drives.


Those finks down the street surprised us with a barrage of snowballs!


When he put both fists up, I ran from him.


I got great gifts for my birthday.


I need some hints on how to do this math problem.


I don’t understand how he lifts up something this heavy.


I bet that my sister jilts her new boyfriend within a month.


What kind of high-jinks has that troublesome kid been up to lately?


Going to church on Sundays almost always lifts my spirits.


This music’s odd lilts make it challenging to dance to.